Europa Island

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                                Europa Island

                                  Geography


Location: Southern Africa, island in the Mozambique Channel, about one-half
of the way from southern Madagascar to southern Mozambique

Geographic coordinates: 22 20 S, 40 22 E

Map references: Africa

Area:
total: 28 sq km
land: 28 sq km
water: 0 sq km

AreaŃcomparative: about 0.16 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 22.2 km

Maritime claims:
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical

Terrain: NA

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 24 m

Natural resources: negligible

Land use:
arable land: NA%
permanent crops: NA%
permanent pastures: NA%
forests and woodland: NA%
other: NA%

Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1993)

Natural hazards: NA

EnvironmentŃcurrent issues: NA

EnvironmentŃinternational agreements:
party to: NA
signed, but not ratified: NA

GeographyŃnote: wildlife sanctuary

                                   People


Population: no indigenous inhabitants
note: there is a small French military garrison

                                 Government


Country name:
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Europa Island
local long form: none
local short form: Ile Europa

Data code: EU

Dependency status: possession of France; administered by a high commissioner
of the Republic, resident in Reunion

Independence: none (possession of France)

Legal system: NA

Diplomatic representation in the US: none (possession of France)

Diplomatic representation from the US: none (possession of France)

Flag description: the flag of France is used

                                   Economy


EconomyŃoverview: no economic activity

                               Communications


CommunicationsŃnote: 1 meteorological station

                               Transportation


Ports and harbors: none; offshore anchorage only

Airports: 1 (1997 est.)

AirportsŃwith unpaved runways:
total: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (1997 est.)

                                  Military


MilitaryŃnote: defense is the responsibility of France

                            Transnational Issues


DisputesŃinternational: claimed by Madagascar