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  *                                                             *
  *                       I C C E -  95                         *
  *                                                             *
  *                                                             *
  *               December 5 - 8, 1995 * Singapore              *
  *                                                             *
  *                Raffles City Convention Centre               *
 *                                                              *
  *                      S I N G A P O R E                      *
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  *              PRELIMINARY PROGRAM/REGISTRATION               *
  *                                                             *
  *                        Sponsored by                         *
  *  Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education  *
  *               Asia-Pacific Chapter (AACE APC)               *

  Organized by: 
   Information Technology Institute (ITI), Singapore 
   National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 
   Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 
  In Cooperation with: 
   Ministry of Education (MOE), Singapore 
   National Computer Board (NCB), Singapore 
   National Science & Technology Board (NSTB), Singapore 
   Nanyang Polytechnic, Singapore 
   Ngee Ann Polytechnic, Singapore 
   Singapore Polytechnic, Singapore 
   Temasek Polytechnic, Singapore 
The ICCE conference series is a bi-annual event which is held in
an Asia-Pacific country. The first conference ICCE 93 was held in
Taipei, Taiwan. ICCE 95 is the second in the series of meetings and
will be organized under the umbrella of the AACE Asia-Pacific
Chapter which was formed after ICCE 93. 
ICCE 95 will focus on a broad spectrum of inter-disciplinary
research topics concerned with theories, technologies and practices
of applying computers in education. It aims to provide a forum for
scientific interchange among educators, cognitive scientists,
computer scientists, and practitioners throughout the world, and
especially from the Asia-Pacific region. 
ICCE is concerned with the current state of the art, and serves as
a reference basis for future research as well as the real-world
deployment of educational technologies. There will be tutorials and
invited talks, and demonstrations of working systems, prototypes
and selected commercial products. 
A unique feature of ICCE 95 is an Applications Track which offers
papers from Singapore and other Asia-Pacific countries that present
the best practices in the use of information technology for
                  MAJOR SESSION TOPICS 
    Hypermedia systems 
    Multimedia in education 
    Design issues 
    Cognitive modeling 
    Student modeling 
    Cognitive diagnosis 
    Tutoring models 
    Dialog management 
    Machine-based diagnostic testing 
    Evaluation techniques 
    Virtual reality 
    Collaborative knowledge building 
    Computer networking in education 
    Electronic interactions 
    Interactive distance learning 
    Networked communal databases 
    Computer-based learning 
    Situated learning 
    Constructivist learning 
    Guided discovery learning 
    Language learning 
    Pedagogical issues 
    Motivation and affect 
    Assessment issues 
    Science and mathematics learning 
    Social sciences learning 
    Pre-school learning 
    School learning 
    Tertiary learning 
    Industrial & commercial training and re-training 
    Distance education 
    Special education for the handicapped 
    National innovative projects 
    Large-scale evaluation studies 
    Mass education 
ICCE 95 Program Activities 
Invited Speakers
The Conference will feature many invited speakers who are
international leaders in their respective fields, including: 
  John Anderson, Carnegie Mellon Univ., USA 
  David Dwyer, Apple Computer, USA 
  John Gardner, Queen's Univ. of Belfast, UK 
  Louis Gomez, Northwestern Univ., USA 
  Jan Hawkins, Center for Children & Technology, USA 
  Carmee Lim & Ginny Leong, Raffles Girls' Sec. School, Singapore 
  Hermann Maurer, Graz Univ. of Technology, Austria 
  Jamie Rossiter,Knowledge Connection Corporation, Canada 
  John Self, Lancaster Univ., UK 
  Zoraini Wati Abas, Univ. of Malaya, Malaysia 
A variety of half-day tutorials will be given at ICCE 95, providing
introductions to important topics in the field of computers in
Papers reporting on significant work in research and development
related to computers in education will be presented and published
in the conference proceedings. 
Applications Track Papers 
Papers in the Applications Track represent the best practices in
the use of information technology for education. 
Panel Discussions
Several panel discussions will highlight a variety of opinions on
key issues and will provide a forum for audience participation and
group discussion. 
The demonstrations will enable researchers and non-commercial
developers to demonstrate and discuss recent results and work in
progress and to establish contact with similar projects. 
Poster sessions will be held all day on each of the three main
conference days and will enable participants to discuss recent
results and work in progress in a less formal, one-on-one context. 

The conference proceedings "Computers in Education, 1995" will
serve as a major source book indicating the current state of the
art in the discipline, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region. One
copy of the proceedings will be included with conference
registration and additional copies will be available for purchase. 
An exhibition of commercial educational products will be held
concurrently with the conference at the Raffles City Convention
Social Program & Tourist Excursions 
A banquet will be held on Thursday evening to which all delegates
and their guests are invited. Also, see the enclosed Hotel and Tour
Reservation Form for information on special sight-seeing options
and post-conference tours.  

                     ICCE 95 OVERVIEW

Monday, December 4
Registration                         5:00 PM - 8:00 PM

Tuesday, December 5
Registration                         9:00 AM - 8:00 PM
Morning Tutorials                    9:30 AM - 12:30 PM
Afternoon Tutorials                  2:00 PM - 5:00 PM

Wednesday, December 6
Registration/Posters/Exhibition      8:30 AM - 5:00 PM
Opening of Conference                9:00 AM - 9:30 AM
Invited Talk--Jan Hawkins            9:30 AM - 10:15 AM
Break                                10:15 AM - 10:45 AM
Paper Sessions                       10:45 AM - 12:25 PM
Lunch                                12:25 PM - 2:00 PM
Invited Talk--John Gardner           2:00 PM - 2:45 PM
Paper Sessions                       2:45 PM - 4:00 PM
Break                                4:00 PM - 4:30 PM
Paper Sessions                       4:30 PM - 5:45 PM

Thursday, December 7
Registration/Posters/Exhibition      8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Invited Talk--Hermann Maurer         8:30 AM - 9:15 AM
Invited Talk--John Anderson          9:15 AM - 10:00 AM
Break                                10:00 AM - 10:30 AM
Demonstrations                       10:00 AM - 12:45 PM
Paper Sessions                       10:30 AM - 12:45 PM
Lunch                                12:45 PM - 2:00 PM
Invited Talk--Jamie Rossiter         2:00 PM - 2:45 PM
Demonstrations                       2:45 PM - 5:45 PM
Paper Sessions/Posters with Authors  2:45 PM - 4:00 PM
Break                                4:00 PM - 4:30 PM
Panel/Paper Sessions                 4:30 PM - 5:45 PM
Banquet                              7:00 PM - 10:00 PM

Friday, December 8
Registration/Posters/Exhibition      8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Invited Talk--John Self              8:30 AM - 9:15 AM
Invited Talk--Louis Gomez            9:15 AM - 10:00 AM
Break                                10:00 AM - 10:30 AM
Paper Sessions                       10:30 AM - 12:45 PM
Lunch                                12:45 PM - 2:00 PM
Invited Talk--David Dwyer            2:00 PM - 2:45 PM
Paper Sessions/Posters with Authors  2:45 PM - 4:00 PM
Break                                4:00 PM - 4:30 PM
Panel/Paper Sessions                 4:30 PM - 5:45 PM
Closing Ceremony--Paper Awards       5:45 PM - 6:00 PM
             ICCE 95 COMMITTEES 
General Chair 
Stephen YEO, NCB 
Programme Co-Chairs 
David JONASSEN, Pennsylvania State Univ., USA 
Gordon MCCALLA, Univ. of Saskatchewan, Canada 
Local Steering Committee 
Joo Hong LIM, ITI, NCB (Chair) 
Tan LEO, National Inst. of Education (NIE), NTU 
Chi Tat CHONG, Dept. of Info. Systems & Computer Science (DISCS),
Harcharan SINGH, School of Applied Science (SAS), NTU 
Chee Kit LOOI, ITI, NCB 
Kwee Fah LOW, ITI, NCB 
Hwee Suan ONG, ITI, NCB (Secretary) 
Local Organizing Committee 
Chee-Kit LOOI, ITI (Chair) 
Kwee Fah LOW, ITI 
Hiok Chai QUEK, SAS, NTU 
Jacqueline TAN, SAS, NTU 
Hock Guan TAN, Ngee Ann Polytechnic 
Yap Kwang TAN, MOE 
Richard YEN, Ednovation 
Yeow Chin YONG, Ngee Ann Polytechnic 
Hwee Suan ONG, ITI (secretary) 
Applications Track Committee 
Yeow Chin YONG, Ngee Ann Polytechnic (Chair) 
Francis CHAN, Singapore Polytechnic 
Meow Chan CLIFFE-WONG, Ngee Ann Polytechnic 
Chow Yen LAM, Nanyang Polytechnic 
Grace LIM K.B., NTU 
Edward MING, Temasek Polytechnic 
Hock Guan TAN, Ngee Ann Polytechnic 
Philip WONG, NIE, NTU 
Hong Mui YEO, CDIS, MOE 
International Programme Committee 
KSR Anjaneyulu, National Centre for Software Tech., India 
Nicolas Balacheff, CNRS-IMAG et Univ. Joseph Fourier, France 
Philip G. Barker, Teesside Polytechnic, UK 
Edward Barrett, MIT, USA 
Peter Brusilovsky, Int'l Centre for Sci. and Tech. Info., Russia
Tak-Wai Chan, National Central Univ., Taiwan 
Yam San Chee, National Univ. of Singapore, Singapore 
Ai Yen Chen, Nanyang Technological Univ., Singapore 
Doreen Cheong, Singapore Polytechnic, Singapore 
William Clancey, Inst. for Research on Learning, USA 
Albert Corbett, Carnegie Mellon Univ., USA 
Geoff Cumming, La Trobe Univ., Australia 
Thomas Duffy, Indiana Univ., USA 
Isabel Fernandez, Univ. of the Basque Country, Spain 
Claude Frasson, Univ. de Montreal, Canada 
Zahran Halim, Univ. Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia 
Nick Hammond, Univ. of York, UK 
Frank Harvey, Lehigh Univ., USA 
Ted S. Hasselbring, G.Peabody College for Teaching, USA 
Gilles Imbeau, Univ. de Quebec a Chicoutimi, Canada 
Marlene Jones, Alberta Research Council, Canada 
Judy Kay, Univ. of Sydney, Australia 
Greg Kearsley, George Washington Univ., USA 
Michael R. Kibby, Univ. of Strathcldye, UK 
Piet Kommers, Univ. of Twente, Netherlands 
Okhwa Lee, Korea Educational Dev. Inst., South Korea 
Enrica Lemut, Consiglio Nazionale Ricerche, Italy 
Jianxiang Lin, Beijing Univ., China 
Chee-Kit Looi, Information Technology Inst., Singapore 
Gary Marchionini, Univ. of Maryland, USA 
Hermann Maurer, Univ. of Auckland, New Zealand 
Ray McAleese, Heriot-Watt Univ., UK 
Diane McGrath, Kansas State Univ., USA 
Cliff McKnight, Husat Research Inst., UK 
Riichiro Mizoguchi, Osaka Univ., Japan 
Helen Pain, Univ. of Edinburgh, UK 
Cecile Paris, Univ. of Brighton, UK 
Vimla Patel, McGill Univ., Canada 
Richard Schweier, Univ. of Saskatchewan, Canada 
Otsuki Setsuko, Kyushu Inst. of Technology, Japan 
Julita Vassileva, Univ. der Bundeswehr Munchen, Germany 
Radboud Winkels, Univ. of Amsterdam, Netherlands 
Beverly Woolf, Univ. of Massachusetts, USA 
Albert Wu, Hong Kong Polytechnic, Hong Kong 
Yeow-Chin Yong, Ngee Ann Polytechnic, Singapore 
Ingrid Zukerman, Monash Univ., Australia 

                    INVITED SPEAKERS 

The State of Computers-in-Education in Malaysian Schools 
University of Malaya, Malaysia 
Abstract: It has been almost twenty years since the microcomputer
was born. It has occupied a prominent position in many classrooms
around the world. In Malaysia, the microcomputer has equally
attracted the attention of policy-makers and educators alike.
However, its position is still being carved in Malaysian schools
compared to schools in many other countries. 

The Ministry of Education has piloted a few computer projects in
Malaysian schools. It also encourages secondary schools to
establish computer clubs. Soon, the ministry will be launching
Internet use in secondary schools. The Prime Minister has also
announced that a computer subject must be taught in all schools.

As testimony to the keen interest in computer use in schools in
Malaysia, a group of people comprised of school teachers, college
and university lecturers and people from the private sector
established the Malaysian Council for Computers-in Education
(MCCE). MCCE's primary objective is to help promote computer use
in teaching and learning. 

How exactly have computers been promoted in Malaysian schools? This
talk will attempt to look at the country's past and present
computer-in-education and some of the future attempts to place
computers in the schools. 
About the Speaker: Zoraini Wati Abas is an associate professor at
the Faculty of Education, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur,
Malaysia. She teaches educational computing and technology courses.
She has developed computer courses for Mara Junior Science College
and helped formulate UNESCO's informatics curriculum. She is also
the Chairperson of the Malaysian Council for Computers-in-Education

Cognitive Tutors: Theory and Reality 
Carnegie Mellon University, USA 
Abstract: We will describe the factors which account for the
success of our cognitive tutors in promoting learning and the
factors which determine the success of these tutors in American
schools. We will define the concept of a "useful learning episode"
and explain how our tutors promote the frequency of such episodes
by carefully monitoring the state of a student's thinking and
learning. We will describe the problems created by the "cognitive
principles" approach for both producticizing and marketing the
tutors. Finally, we will describe the complexities created by
reform efforts in American mathematics education. 
About the speaker: John Anderson received his B.A. from the
University of British Columbia in 1968 and his Ph.D. from Stanford
University in 1972. He has been at Carnegie Mellon University since
1978 where he is a professor of psychology and computer science.
He has published a number of books including Human Associative
Memory (1973 with Gordon Bower), Language, Memory, and Thought
(1976), The Architecture of Cognition (1983), The Adaptive
Character of Thought (1990), and Rules of the Mind (1993). His
current research is involved with two enterprises. The first is
the study of the acquisition of cognitive skills. Much of this
research involves the development of intelligent tutoring systems
for mathematics and computer programming. Here research goals
include producing a general system for modeling and testing
cognitive skills, having a major impact on the effectiveness with
which these skills are taught, and understanding the transfer of
skills among domains. The second enterprise is to understand if
and how human cognition is adapted to the information processing
demands of the environment. As part of this effort he has developed
the ACT-R production system and applied to various domains of
memory, problem solving, and visual information processing. 
Statutory Information Technology and the Response of UK Schools 
Queen's University of Belfast, U.K. 
Abstract: This paper sets out the experiences of schools in the UK
in the light of statutory information technology (IT) requirements
in the national curriculum. In essence these requirements are
designed to address several educational goals for school students
including: that they are able to work competently and effectively
with a range of IT tools; that they become autonomous users of IT
to communicate and handle information, to support their problem
solving and creative work; and that they reflect critically on
their own and others' use of IT. 

The validity of these requirements is examined and their resource
implications are discussed with reference to recent
government-sponsored resourcing and curriculum development
initiatives. The impact and implications of the curriculum demands
are also examined from the point of view of the teachers and their
IT competence and attitudes. The extent of schools' readiness to
deliver the IT objectives is assessed and the successes are
recorded. Drawing on the most recent literature from the UK, Europe
and the US, the barriers to progress, which continue to exist, are
then analysed. These barriers fall into two broad categories: those
associated with the teachers (e.g., time for access, familiarity,
competence development, etc.); and those associated with hardware
and software (e.g .,appropriateness, availability, etc.). The paper
concludes with suggestions for strategies to overcome the barriers
About the speaker: John Gardner is a reader in education and
Director of the School of Education, the Queen's University of
Belfast. For the last 15 years he has conducted research in the
field of information technology in education, specializing in
evaluative research. His current activities include R & D work and
evaluation under the Teaching and Learning Technology Programme.
He is also evaluating the impact of computerised integrated
learning systems on underachievers in schools. In 1992 he completed
a major policy evaluation on the use of portable computers in
schools. In all these studies he has employed qualitative and
quantitative research methods as appropriate. 

Network-Based Multimedia Environments 
for Collaborative Learning in Science 
School of Education & Public Policy, Northwestern Univ., USA 
Abstract: The next decade brings widespread, networked, multimedia
interpersonal collaborative computing. Data collection,
exploration, analysis and collaborative work is being transformed
throughout science by new flexible data visualization tools. A
question-centered and collaboration-focused pedagogy is supplanting
more traditional lecture and demonstration-centered K-12
instruction. We find that extending media-rich and highly
interactive learning and teaching activities beyond single
classrooms establishes demanding development requirements for
high-performance computing and communications (HPCC). To create
"distributed multimedia learning environments" to serve the needs
of precollege science education, we have developed novel HPCC
technologies in the Learning Through Collaborative Visualization
(CoVis) Project. These developments involve the scaleable solution
of a wide-area broadband testbed network using public-switched ISDN
services that integrate desktop videoconferencing and screen
sharing, educationally-appropriate scientific visualization tools
in the geosciences, newly-developed structured hypermedia workgroup
softward, and standard Internet communication tools. These services
support synchronous and asynchronous collaboration with media-rich
data sharing (e.g., complex images, large data sets) among hundreds
of high school students within and across schools, who also use the
network for mentoring communications with university researchers
and other scientific experts. In the next several years, we will
be scaling the CoVis testbed to included over 50 schools and
thousands of students. 
About the Speaker: Louis M. Gomez is Associate Professor of
Learning Sciences and Computer Science and co-director of the
Learning Through Collaborative Visualization (CoVis) Project at
Northwestern University. The CoVis project focuses on bringing
next-generation computing and communication technologies along with
open-ended scientific inquiry to high school classrooms. Prior to
joining the faculty at Northwestern, Mr. Gomez was director of
Human-Computer Systems Research at Bellcore in Morristown, New

Over the last several years Mr. Gomez has pursued an active
research program investigating techniques that improve human use
of information retrieval systems, techniques which aid in the
acquisition of complex computer-based skills, and the application
of networked compute technology to teaching and learning. 

Mr. Gomez received a B.A. in Psychology from the State University
of New York at Stony Brook and a Ph.D. in Cognitive Psychology from
the University of California at Berkeley. 
Learning with Information and Communication Technologies: 
A Secondary School's Experience 
Raffles Girls Secondary School, Singapore 
Abstract: This talk is a sharing of a secondary schools experience
in planning and implementing an information technology programme
for its students. The following will be discussed in the talk: 
- The school's vision and mission 
- The conceptualisation of the school IT Vision: to create a new 
  learning environment for an information society 
- The 4-pronged approach of its mission 
- The objectives and strategies of the IT programmes for students 
- An overview of the various components of its IT programme 
- And how information and communication technologies had been used:
to enhance and enrich learning; to better prepare the students to
meet new challenges in the information society; to develop and
disseminate Internet materials, improve access to information; to
acquire and integrate information and knowledge; to gain experience
with communicating and learning with children from other countries;
for collaborative efforts between teachers and students in
dev-eloping multimedia learning packages and real life projects;
to organize and present information (Managing Real Life Databases);
and for image processing and graphics design (Creativity and
Expression skills) 

This talk will include demonstrations of students' projects,
feedback on the experience gained from the progamme implementation
and new prospect for learning beyond the traditional framework. 
About the Speakers: Carmee Lim has taught science and mathematics
at both secondary and pre-university levels in Singapore. She was
placed on the "1993 Honor Roll of Teachers" by the Association of
Science-Technology Centers, USA for her contribution to Science
Education in Singapore. As Principal of Raffles Girls' School, the
premier girls' school in Singapore, her information technology (IT)
vision of the school is to "Create a New Learning Environment for
an Information Society". For the past two years, the school's
mission has been to work towards promoting the effective use of
technology to improve the quality of teaching and learning. 

Ginny Leong is the Head of Department for Information Technology,
Raffles Girls' School. Before that, she was the Head of Department
for Humanities in Seletar Institute and the Project Director for
Computer-based Learning in the Curriculum Development Institute of
Singapore. She has taught mathematics, science and literature at
the secondary level and economics at the pre-university level in

Digital Libraries as Learning and Teaching Support 
Graz University of Technology, Austria 
Abstract: In this talk we will show how digital libraries can be
used to dramatically enhance learning and teaching. Much of  
the ideas and work to be reported on stems from a project of the
European Commission entitled LIBERATION, an acronym standing for:
LIBraries:Electronic Remote Access To Information Over Networks.

We will show that it is crucial to use hypermedia systems for
digital libraries that have a very flexible link concept , a solid
structural paradigm, certain data-base facilities and suitable 
charging mechanisms. Only in this way is it possible to define 
scopes of interest and to allow customisation of material without
violating copyright laws. We will also discuss how shortcomings of
current wide area networks such as Internet can be overcome in an
elegant fashion. The model to be described is currently being
implemented; large segments have already been tested successfully
and first experiences have been gathered. One of the key findings
is that one can generate material for digital libraries without
having to invest special efforts if the process is combined with
suitable CD productions. 
About the speaker: Dr. Hermann Maurer holds a Ph.D. in Mathematics
from the University of Vienna, 1965. Assistant and Associate
Professor for Computer Science at the University of Calgary,
1966-1971. Full Professor for Applied Computer Science at the
University of Karlsruhe, West Germany, 1971-1977. Full Professor
at the Graz University of Technology since 1978. In addition,
director of the Research Institute for Applied Information
Processing of the Austrian Computer Society since 1983; chairman
of Institute for Information Processing and Computer Supported New
Media since 1988, and director of the Institute for Hypermedia
Systems of Joanneum Research since April 1990. Adjunct Professor
at Denver University 1984--1988. Professor for Computer Science at
the University of Auckland, New Zealand, starting Feb. 1,1993,
Adjunct Professor since October 93. He is author of eleven books
and over 400 scientific contributions, holder of patent for optical
storage device, referee for a number of journals and publishing
companies, editor of a series of research papers, member of the
board of various institutions. Dr. Maurer's main research and
project areas: languages and their applications, data structures
and their efficient use, telematic services, computer
networks,computer assisted instruction, computer supported new
media, hypermedia systems and applications, and social implications
of computers. 
Knowledge Connection Corporation: 
Collaborative Canadian Initiative in Distance Learnware 
Knowledge Connection Corporation, Canada 
Abstract: Knowledge Connection Corporation is a collaboration
amongst a number of leading Canadian telecommunications,
information technology, and learnware developer firms, as well as
educators and trainers. It was formed in early 1995, with seed
funding provided by the Province of Ontario, Canada. Distance
Learnware is defined as structured knowledge that can be delivered

The Corporation's activities fall into the following areas: 
- formative evaluations of Distance Learnware through alpha and 
  beta trials 
- collection and dissemination of information on Distance     
  Learnware, including market studies and "how-to" manuals 
- investment in tools for more effective development and/or      
  delivery of Distance Learnware. 

Initial projects in all these areas are underway. A report
summarizing innovative projects in technology and learning in
Ontario has been published, and will be available on the World Wide
Web. A manual for educators and trainers on interactive multimedia
teaching will be published in CD-ROM format in early 1996.
Descriptions of key activities in the field of Distance Learning
in Canada will be described. 
About the Speaker: James Rossiter is a scientist, entrepreneur,
and educator. He has recently been appointed Executive Director of
Knowledge Connection Corporation, a new collaborative initiative
to support enhanced quality and efficiency in the production and
delivery of Distance Learnware.  

While a graduate student, Dr. Rossiter spent a year and a half at
NASA-Houston, as part of a team designing a geophysical experiment
sent to the Moon on Apollo 17. After completing his doctorate in
Geophysics at the University of Toronto, he spent four years at the
Centre for Cold Ocean Resources Engineering in Newfoundland, where
he led a group of scientists and engineers developing ice hazard
detection systems. He is internationally recognized for developing
a practical method of measuring sea-ice thickness from a

In 1983, Dr. Rossiter founded Canpolar Inc., a research and
consulting company which has developed technologies as varied as
novel fish processing equipment and a ground penetrating radar
system to inspect roads non-destructively. These innovations are
now being commercialized internationally through spin-off firms in
St. John's and Edmonton. 
The Ebb and Flow of Student Modeling 
University of Lancaster, England 
Abstract: Student modelling is the process whereby a computer-based
learning system develops and maintains an understanding of the
student using the system. At one time, the student model was
considered to be the key component in providing individualized
instruction, and a number of useful techniques were developed.
Then, as the intrinsic difficulty of the student modelling task
became apparent and as philosophies moved towards more
constructivist approaches than those perceived to be implicit in
systems based on student models, student modelling was largely
abandoned. In this talk, it will be argued that the tide is turning
again. Developers of multimedia learning environments are
increasingly realising that presentation needs to be adapted to the
individual learner. Systems based on the new social theories of
learning need student models represented using multi-agent
techniques from artificial intelligence. And the increased
precision and formalisation of student modelling techniques
provides the prospect of general-purpose student modelling shells.
The talk will review these recent developments.  
About the Speaker: John Self is a Reader in Computing at the
University of Lancaster, England, previous chairman of the
Artificial Intelligence in Education Society (AACE), and editor of
the "Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education." He received
his B.A. degree from the University of Cambridge and his Ph.D.
degree from the University of Leeds. His research interests lie in
the development of general design principles for intelligent
learning environments and specifically in the topic of student
modelling. He co-authored (with Tim O'Shea) the book "Learning and
Teaching with Computers: Artificial Intelligence in Education" and
edited the book "Artificial Intelligence and Human Learning". 
T1: Student-Created Multimedia: 
Guidelines and Techniques for Teachers 
Michael D. Williams 
National Institute of Education, 
Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 
Objective: At the end of this workshop tutorial, the teachers will
be able to guide their students to create their own multimedia
presentations. This includes having the necessary technical and
software skills, as well as the process skills in planning and
organising a presentation. 
Participants: This workshop is intended for teachers who have a
basic exposure to multimedia, and wish to develop their skills in
order to help their students develop multimedia projects.
Prerequisite knowledge includes basic computer skills in either a
Macintosh (preferred) or Windows environment, and some familiarity
with multimedia concepts.  
Abstract: In many curricular areas it is quite common for students
to be expected to produce some type of project or report to
accompany the regular classroom teaching. With the increasing
popularisation of multimedia software, a new and different type of
final integrative project is possible for students to produce: a
multimedia presentation. With this type of project students are
expected to demonstrate that they have explored a complex topic by
communicating their findings to an audience, assembling a variety
of images (both still and motion), sounds, as well as text as part
of their "report." For example, perhaps a student (or group of
students) have been doing a research project on the topic of AIDS.
For their final project, students might produce a 15- or 20-minute
multimedia presentation which includes text and graphs, photo
images, audio narration and interviews, and perhaps even video
clips from the nightly news. The extended types of data allows
students a rich and creative source of communicative tools from
which to fashion their summary theses. 

The current workshop will provide teachers with information and
guidance in both areas of student-created multimedia projects: 1)
using the software, and 2) helping students plan their projects.
Basic skills in operating the software will be covered, including
how to handle various forms of multimedia data types. Additionally,
guidelines will be provided to assist teachers in helping students
to plan and organise their projects, including data gathering, data
organisation, creating a storyboard or prototype, specifying an
audience, and so on. 
About the instructor: Dr. Michael D. Williams will be conducting
the workshop. He is a lecturer in educational technology in the
National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University
in Singapore. He received his Ph.D. in Instructional Systems at the
University of Minnesota, USA, and has taught instructional design
and computer-based instruction at San Diego State University, the
University of Minnesota, and St. Thomas University, as well. He
has published several articles in the area of learner-control in
relation to computer-based instructional designs. Current research
interests focus on investigating the cross-cultural elements
impacting the use and effectiveness of computer-based instructional
technologies in schools. 
Enrollment Limit: 15 people 

T2: The Evolution of Instructional Planning 
Gordon I. McCalla 
University of Saskatchewan, Canada 
Abstract: Ideally, systems to support human learning should have
a role to play in helping learners to choose their next learning
activity. In traditional computer assisted instruction systems,
this role was dominant; that is, the system controlled the
interaction with the learner, choosing the instructional activity
and judging when, or even if, the learner was allowed to move on
to new activities. With the advent of intelligent tutoring systems,
however, it became desirable to provide more learner control to the
making of this choice. Techniques had to be found that allowed the
learner more freedom and gave the system the ability to act as a
coach and advisor, rather than an all-knowing controller of the
learner's destiny. It was from this desire for more flexible
control that the notion of instructional planning was born. 

In this tutorial, the evolution of instructional planning will be
traced from the days when systems were built on top of a rigid
course graph and learners were marched through the graph at the
discretion of the system, through to today's flexible plan-based
systems that are adaptable to the changing needs of the individual
learner. Particular systems will be presented as interesting
landmarks in the evolution of instructional planning, to illustrate
the move to individualized, flexible systems that support, rather
than control, learning. The tutorial will show that instructional
planning can be used more widely than just in so-called intelligent
tutoring systems, that, in fact, any environment to support
learning can be enhanced through the use of these techniques. The
tutorial will also show how these techniques may provide some
promise for the construction of a shell to support the construction
of intelligent, individualized learning environments. 
About the instructor: Gordon McCalla is Professor and Head in the
Department of Computer Science at the University of Saskatchewan
in Saskatoon, Canada. He is also a member of the Laboratory for
Advanced Research in Intelligent Educational Systems (ARIES). His
research spans a variety of artificial intelligence research
issues, as focused through investigations into systems that support
human learning. His specific interests lie in the areas of dynamic
instructional planning, tutorial dialogue, and learner modelling.
He has worked on instructional planning architectures, adaptive
approaches to individualized curriculum, innovative pedagogical
models for intelligent tutoring, immersion-based second language
learning, granularity-based and case-based cognitive diagnosis,
belief revision, reasoning  with stereotypes, qualitative student
modelling, and supporting learning at the mental model level.
Application systems have been built to support aspects of the
learning of programming languages (LISP and PL/C), simple device
operation, chess end games, English as a second language (travel
vocabulary, article usage), and large-scale software engineering
tools. Gordon McCalla is program co-chair for ICCE 95 and is
currently President-Elect of the Society for Artificial
Intelligence and Education (AACE).


T3: Semantic Networking: A Cognitive Tool for Analyzing Content,
Acquiring Knowledge, and Evaluating Learning 
David H. Jonassen 
Pennsylvania State University, USA 
Abstract: Semantic networking tools represent a new class of
computer-supported tool that engages users in integration and
elaboration of knowledge. Programs such as SemNet (Fisher, 1990),
Learning Tool (Kozma, 1987), CMap (Novak), Inspiration, Pathfinder
Nets, and TextVision (Kommers, 1989) are powerful thinking tools
that provide visual and verbal screen tools to support the
development of cognitive maps. Cognitive maps are spatial
representations of semantic networks_the ideas and their
interrelationships that are stored in memory. Mind mapping programs
facilitate the acquisition and evaluation of structural knowledge
(Jonassen, Beissner, & Yacci, 1993), based on semantic network
theory, schema theory, cognitive structure, and conversation
Applications: In the workshop, you will learn how to use mind
mapping tools for: 
- fostering cognitive learning strategies 
- assessing cognitive structures of learners 
- evaluating prior knowledge of learners 
- assessing misconceptions in learners 
- assessing learning from hypermedia/multimedia 
- performing content and task analysis 
- modeling content in hypermedia knowledge bases 
- rapid prototyping of instructional materials 
- developing instructional strategies, such as graphic organizers 

Activities: In this workshop, learners will develop cognitive maps
using different semantic networking software on Macintosh
computers. You will also use these tools for assessing learning and
knowledge structures, conducting content analysis for structuring
hypermedia knowledge bases and then converting your mind maps
automatically into hypermedia prototypes. We will discuss and
demonstrate a number of other applications of mind maps. Learners
will work on Macintoshes. 
About the Instructor: Dr. Jonassen is Professor of Instructional
Systems at the Pennsylvania State University. Dr. Jonassen has
published 15 books and hundreds of articles, papers, and technical
reports on the applications of instructional systems and technology
to learning. His current research focuses on designing
constructivist learning environments, cognitive tools for learning,
knowledge representation methods, and individual differences and
learning. Dr. Jonassen has previously taught at the University of
Colorado and the University of North Carolina at Greensboro and
consulted with businesses and institutions around the world. 
Enrollment Limit: 30 people 

T4: Social Learning Systems 
Tak-Wai Chan 
Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering,
National Central University, Taiwan 
Abstract: If most knowledge can be regarded as a common consensus
of a community, then learning should naturally take place in a
socio-cultural environment. Furthermore, if social context is a
catalyst of knowledge cultivation and motivation, then this element
of learning should be emphasized in most computer-assisted learning
systems. Social learning systems are emerging learning environments
that involve multiple agents, working at the same computer or
across connected machines. These agents are either computer
simulated or real human beings, taking various roles via different
protocols of learning activity, such as cooperation, competition,
peer tutoring, and so on. As alternatives to traditional one-to-one
tutoring, these systems are sometimes called or closely related to
collaborative, distributed, or distance learning systems. This
tutorial will provide a historical treatment and the theoretical
basis of these emerging technology supported learning environments,
then take a glance at their infrastructure. After that, we
introduce various social learning systems and discuss some of these
systems in detail. Following that we give a framework to classify
and, finally, discuss the design issues of social learning systems.
About the instructor: Dr. Tak-Wai Chan received his Ph.D in 1989
from Computer Science Department at the University of Illinois at
Urbana-Champaign. His main research is the extension of his Ph.D
work on social learning systems, an area that recently draws
soaring interest in the development of computer-supported learning
environments. Dr. Chan also conducts research on intelligent
multimedia development environment and agent-oriented programming
language. Dr. Chan is an Associate Professor at the Department of
Computer Science and Information Engineering, National Central
University, Taiwan. He is an associate editor of International
Journal of Educational Telecommunications, the President of the
Asia-Pacific Chapter of the Association for the Advancement of
Computing in Education, and the vice-chair of IFIP Working Group
3.3. He is the coordinator of the area in intelligent
computer-assisted learning research in National Science Council of
Taiwan. He currently leads an inter-university research project
called LISA (Learning IS Active)on social learning systems.  

                     CONCURRENT SESSIONS

ICCE 95 concurrent sessions will include invited speakers, papers,
and panels.  Panel and invited speaker sessions will be
interspersed throughout the conference program.

In addition, poster sessions will be held all day every day on each
of the three main conference days. All information is preliminary
and subject to change.  

Session Topics 
Agent-Based Learning Environments 
AI Techniques to Support Learning 
Authoring Systems for Computer-Assisted Language Learning 
Cognitive Tools for Science Learning 
Computer-Supported Physics Instruction 
Construction Meaning for Mathematics 
Developing Multimedia Systems 
Dialogue and Explanation 
Different Approaches to Learning on the Net 
Hypermedia Support for 
Networked Communication 
Issues in Situated Learning 
Instructional Planning 
Intelligent Courseware 
ITS Shells 
Models for Designing Computer-Assisted Language Learning 
Models for Multimedia Learning Environments 
Multimedia for Architecture 
Strategies for Teaching and Evaluating Language Arts 
Strategies for Learning from Multimedia Student Modeling 
Supporting Knowledge Building Communities 
Supporting the Learning of Kanji 
Supporting the Learning of Programming 
Supporting Mathematics Instruction 
Applications Track: 
Assessment & Testing 
Empirical Studies and Experiences 
Engineering Education 
Exploration Tools 
Multimedia Tools 
Performance Support 
Teacher Education 
Tools for Administration and Curriculum Integration 

                     WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 6

Wednesday Morning Sessions 
Invited Talk
Title: To be announced 
Jan Hawkins, Center for Children & Technology, USA 
Exploration Tools
Promoting Learning Using Technology--Mathematical Exploration in
a Logo Environment 
Nicolla Yelland, Queensland Univ. of Technology, Australia 
Learning and Using a Hypertext Browsing System on the Internet 
Joo Fung Wong, Ngee Ann Polytechnic, Singapore 
Teacher Education
Designing and Implementing Computer-based Learning for Teacher
Ai Yen Chen, National Institute of Education, Singapore 
Performance Support
Electronic Performance Support Systems 
Ashok Banerji, Singapore Polytechnic, Singapore 
Hypermedia Support for Networked Communication
Building a Hypermedia Electronic Classroom by Using the Distributed
Jian Shyu Shyong, Ming Chuan College, China 
Hypertextual Vocabulary Support for Network-Based Learning 
Taku Sugimoto, Univ. of Illinois, USA 
A Look at the Evolving Classroom 
Benjoe Juliano, Stephen Sheel, Coastal Carolina Univ., USA 
Glimpses at the Future of Networked Hypermedia Systems 
Hermann Maurer, Achim Schneider; Graz Univ., Austria; Univ. of
Auckland, New Zealand 
Authoring Systems for Computer-Assisted Language Learning
A Multimedia Authoring Tool for Language Instruction 
Alexander Nakhimovsky, Tom Meyers, Colgate Univ., USA 
An Authoring System for Hypermedia Language Learning Environments,
and Its Evaluation 
Hidenobu Kunichika, Akira Takeuchi, Setsuko Otsuki, Kyushu
Institute of Technology, Japan 
Supporting the Learning of Kanjis
The Japanese Learning System Using Two Different Types of
Handwriting Input Systems 
Makio Fukuda, Osaka International Univ. for Women, Japan 
The Development of a Kanji Compound Dictionary System for Deriving
Their Meaning and Reading 
Youji Ochi, Yoneo Yano, Tokushima Univ.; Toshihiro Hayashi, Saga
Univ., Japan 
Intelligent Courseware
Knowledge Based Courseware: Computer-Assisted Learning and
Knowledge Representation 
Karen Valley, Lancaster Univ., UK 
Dynamic Courseware Generation: At the Cross Point of CAL, ITS, and
Julita Vassileva, Public Univ. of Munich, Germany 
ITS Shells
A Requirement-Based Proposal for a General ITS Shell 
Ana Arruarte, Isabel Fernandez-Castro, Begona Ferrero, Univ. of
Basque, Spain 
Design of a Modular Composable Tutoring Shell for Imperative
Programming Languages 
Bedir Tekinerdogan, Hein Krammer, Univ. of Twente, Netherlands 
Wednesday Afternoon Sessions 
Invited Talk
Statutory Information Technology and the Response of UK Schools 
John Gardner, Queen's Univ. of Belfast, UK 
Engineering Education I
A Computer Based Learning Software for Teaching Fluid Mechanics 
J. J. Williams, Univ. of London; P. M. Nobar, Ngee Ann Polytechnic,
The Use of ACSL in a Control System Design Course 
S. C. Fok, Nanyang Technological Univ.; T. S. Goh, Y. M. Sia,
Industrial & Offshore Computer Services (S) Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
Undergraduates Teaching Using Computer Animation 
F. L. Tan, S. C. Fok and S. C. M. Yu, Nanyang Technological Univ.,
Cognitive Tools for Science Learning
Establishing an Argumentation Environment to Foster Scientific
Reasoning with Bio-world 
Susanne Lajoie, McGill Univ.; Jim Greer, Univ. of Saskatchewan 
State-of-the-Art Visualization Tools in Tertiary Science Teaching:
The Singapore Experience 
G. S. Khoo, T. S. Koh, Nanyang Technological Univ., Singapore 
Using a Database to Facilitate Higher Order Thinking Skills in a
Secondary School Biology Classroom 
Owen Phipps, Kearsney College; Cecille Marsh, Rhodes Univ., South

Instructional Planning 
Case-based Reasoning for Self-Improving Intelligent Tutoring
J. A. Elorriga, I. Fernandez-Castro, J. Gutierrez, Univ. of Basque,
Delivery Planning in an ITS for Inquiry Teaching 
Lung-Hsiang Wong, Hiok-Chai Quek,Nanyang Technological Univ.;
Chee-Kit Looi, Information Technology Institute, Singapore 
Using Multiple Student Inputs as an Aid in Lesson Planning 
Chong Woo, Kookmin Univ., Korea 
Issues in Situated Learning
How Situated Learning Can Make a Meaningful Contribution to Modal
Logic: Design Issues for a Software Tool 
Martin Oliver, Open Univ., UK 
Situated Cognition and the Technology of Authentication 
Joseph Patraglia-Bahri, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA 
The Use of Computers for Self-Expression and Communication 
Ann Jones, Carolyn Selby, Open Univ., UK 

Assessment & Testing
Computerized Adaptive Testing in Reading Comprehension 
Tock Keng Lim, Wah Kam Ho & Patricia J. Y. Wong, National Institute
of Education, Singapore 
Computer-aided Assessment of Students' Performance in Laboratory
B. D. Biranale, Gogte Institute of Technology, India 
An Assessment Package with Diagnostic Facilities 
N. Scott, B. J. Stone,The Univ. of Western Australia; D. G.
Devenish, R. D. Entwistle, Curtin Univ. of Technology, Western
Supporting the Learning of Programming 
Evaluation of Novice Programs Based on Teacher's Intentions 
Tatsuhiro Konishi, Akihiro Suyama, Yukihior Itoh, Shizuoka Univ.,
Investigating the Effects of a Computer-Based Program on Transfer
of Assembly Language Concepts to C Programming 
Hsiu-Mei Lin, Chinese Military Academy; William Miller, Iowa State
Univ., USA 
Adaptive Fill-in-the-Blank Program Problems from the View of
Cognitive Load and Application Systems on WWW 
Masato Soga, Wakayama Univ.; Akihiro Kashihara, Junichi Toyoda,
Osaka Univ., Japan 

Developing Multimedia Systems 
Multimedia-System Design: A Software Engineering Perspective 
Agus Rahardja, Ngee Polytechnic, Singapore 
Multimedia Information System Development Based on an Interactive
Yew Khim Tan, Ngee Ann Polytechnic, Singapore 
Lecturing "On The Fly" 
J. Lennon, Auckland Univ., New Zealand; Hermann Maurer, Graz Univ.,
Strategies for Teaching and Evaluating Language Arts 
"Test Driving" CARS: Addressing the Issues in the Evaluation of
Computer-assisted Reading Software 
Cathy Lewin, Open Univ., UK 
Whole-Language Strategies for Integrating Technology into Language
Janice Stuhlmann, Harriet Taylor, Louisiana State Univ., USA 
Effects of Text and Voice on Learning in Multimedia Courseware 
Yu-Fen Shih, Tamkang Univ., Taiwan; Steve Alessi, Univ. of Iowa,
                     THURSDAY, DECEMBER 7

Invited Talk 
Digital Libraries as Learning and Teaching Support 
Hermann Maurer, Graz Univ. of Technology, Austria 
Invited Talk
Cognitive Tutors: Theory and Reality 
John Anderson, Carnegie Mellon Univ., USA 
Invited Talk
The State of Computers-in-Education in Malaysian Schools 
Zoraini Wati Abas, Univ. of Malaya, Malaysia 
Empirical Studies and Experiences 
An Investigation of the Role of Computer Enhanced Learning in
Teaching Mathematics 
H. C. Lee, Singapore Polytechnic, Singapore; D.J.Clayton, Central
Queensland Univ., Australia; Y. C. Chao, E. N. Ow, Singapore
The Use of CD-ROM Quick References in the Singapore Curriculum: An
Exploratory Study 
Shirley Khew, Fairfield Methodist Secondary School, Singapore 
Experiences of Using Multimedia for Teaching a Post Graduate Course
in Computer Integrated Manufacture 
T. A. Spedding and R. de Souza, Nanyang Technological Univ.,
Supporting Knowledge Building Communities
Promoting Dynamic Learning Communities: Computer Mediated
Communications as Agents for Cultural Change 
Christine Steeples, Jeremy Shapiro, Shelley Hughes,Univ. of
Lancaster, UK 
Design and Development of Technology Supported Learning Communities
Xiaodong Lin, C. Hmelo, Vanderbilt Univ., USA 
The Global Classroom 
Lena Finne, Mikael Sundholm, Abo Akademi Univ., Finland 
Examining Sociocognitive Effects of Peer Learning in a Distributed
Learning Environment 
Jian-Chang Jehng, Steven Liang, Chih-Wei Chen, Tamkang Univ.,
Building Knowledge Collaboratively with Mind Bridges II 
Yam San Chee, National Univ. of Singapore, Singapore 
Models for Designing Computer-Assisted Learning
A Model for Applying Text Generation Techniques to First Language
Chee Min Li, National Univ., Singapore; Alain Polguere, Univ. of
Montreal, Canada 
A Model for Guided Lexical CALL 
Cheecheng Lin, Univ. of Illinois, USA 
A Windows-based Speech Aid and Language Learning Tool for the 
Speech Impaired 
David Calder, Curtin Univ. of Technology, Australia 
Intelligent Computer-assisted Hindi Language Learning 
Rekha Govil, Madhavi Saxena, Banasthali Vidyapith, Rajasthan, India

Multimedia for Architecture 
ArchiTOUR: A Multimedia Authoring Tool for Teaching and Learning
Architectural History and Theory 
Jin Won Choi, Ohio State Univ., USA 
A Hypermedia System for Architectural Education 
John Bradford, Univ. of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 
Educational Rationale for the Development of a Computer-based
Teaching Environment in Architecture 
Barry Will, Univ. of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 
Computers as Cognitive Tools in the Teaching of Architecture:
Evaluation of an Action Learning Project 
Ian Hart, Univ. of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 
Invited Talk 
Knowledge Connection Corporation--A Collaborative Canadian
Initiative in Distance Learning 
Jamie Rossiter, Knowledge Connection Corp., Canada 
Engineering Education II
A Multimedia-based Tutoring System for Foundation Electricity Mark
Cosgrove, Shirley Alexander, Univ. Tech. Sydney, Australia 
Instruction In Fluid Mechanics through Multimedia 
K. Iynkaran, A. J. Crilly, P. M. Nobar, Ngee Ann Polytechnic,
A Computer Package for Teaching Planar Kinematics 
N. Scott, B. J. Stone, The Univ. of Western Australia; D. G.
Devenish, R. D. Entwistle, Curtin Univ. of Technology, Australia

Constructing Meaning for Mathematics 
Group Work with Multimedia in Mathematics: The Role of the Computer
in Mediating Communication 
Brian Hudson, Sheffield Hallam Univ., UK 
The Process of Meaning Symbol Dialectism and Closure 
Wei Loong Hung, National Univ. of Singapore, Singapore 
Moving the Gatekeeper: Changes in the Mathematics Classroom When
Computer Access is Not the Issue 
John Bullock, Massey High School; Mike Thomas, Jackie Tyrell, Univ.
of Auckland, New Zealand 
Supporting Cognitive Learning Through Guided Exploration: The Case
of Long Division 
Karel Hurts, Leiden Univ., The Netherlands 
Student Modeling I
Designing the Instructor and the Student Model Using a Model of the
Leila Alem, CSIRO Division of Information Technology, Australia 
Handling Contradictions in Student 
Modelling in the "Translating Algebra Problems System (TAPS)" 
Normaziah Aziz, Helen Pain, Univ. of Edinburgh; Paul Brna,Lancaster
Univ., UK 
Application of Neural Network on Student Modelling in ITS 
Kuo-En Chang, National Taiwan Normal Univ., Taiwan 
Models for Multimedia Learning Environments II
Interactive Schematic Representation Systems and Related Research
Helen Purchase, Univ. of Queensland, Australia 
Elaboration of 3-D Model to Analyze and Design Significant
Interactivity in an Interactive Multimedia Learning Environment 
Max Giardina, Michel Laurier, Univ. of Montreal, Canada 
Situations of Interaction in Learning Environment: The System
Xavier Dubourg, Elisabeth Delazoanne, Univ. de Maine; Brigette
Grugeon, Univ. de Paris, France 
Panel Discussion 
Computers in Education: Experiences of the Polytechnics in
Yeow Chin Yong, Ngee Ann Polytechnic, Francis Chan, Singapore
Polytechnic, Edward Ming, Temasek Polytechnic, Chow Yen Lam,
Nanyang Polytechnic, Singapore 
Supporting Mathematics Instruction
Some Psychological Aspects of Developing Computer-based Instruction
in Undergraduate Advanced Mathematics 
Mikhail Bouniaev, Moscow State Pedagogical Univ., Russia 
The Realization of a Model for Intelligent Tutoring System in
Jianxiang Lin, Qiong Wang, Peking Univ., China 
Computer-based Prediction of and Adequate Preparation for a
Mathematics Test 
Peter Schmidt, Univ. of Bonn, Germany 
Student Modelling II
On Recognition of Students' Actions in ILEs 
Yukihiro Itoh, Isamu Takahashi, Tatsuhiro Konishi, Shizuoka Univ.,
Model Tracking and Model Construction in an QR-based ITS 
Wee-Chee Sim, Hiok-Chai Quek, Nanyang Technological Univ.; Chee-Kit
Looi,Information Technology Institute, Singapore 
A Self-extending Student Modeling System for Novice Pascal
Raymond Sison, Tokyo Institute of Tech., Japan 
An On-line Resource-based Learning Environment 
Zhengmai Zhao, Daxa Patel, Montfort Univ., UK 
Examining the Design Principles of Interactive Learning
Environments: The Case of Fractions 
Yavuz Akpinar, Bogazici Univ., Turkey 
To Micro-language Approach and Graph Languages 
Vladimir Prokhorov, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia 

                        FRIDAY, DECEMBER 8

Invited Talks 
The Ebb and Flow of Student Modeling 
John Self, Lancaster Univ., UK 
Network-based Mulitmedia Environments for Collaborative Learning
in Science 
Louis Gomez, Northwestern Univ., USA 
Learning with Information and Communication Technologies: 
A Secondary School's Experience 
Carmee Lim & Ginny Leong, Raffles Girls' Sec. School, Singapore 
Tools for Administration and Curriculum Integration
Timetabling Using Constraint Programming 
Frederick Koh, French-Singapore Institute, Singapore 
Electronic Campus--Design and Experience 
M. T. Chan, Jim M. Ng, City Univ. of Hong Kong 
Setting Up an Interactive Computer-assisted Language Learning
Keng-Soon Soo and Yeok-Hwa Ngeow, Univ. Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia

Different Approaches to Learning on the Net 
Collaborative Learning Using Guided Discovery on the Internet 
Peter Holt, Claude Fontaine, Jane Gismondi, Darlene Ramsden,
Athabasca Univ., Canada 
Supporting a Case Study Exercise on the World-Wide-Web 
Martin Rich, City Univ. Business School, UK 
Individualized Instruction/Learning Environment Based on Project
Management, Workflow and WWW Technology 
Sheng-Uei Guan, Yu-Tsair Juang, Meng-Juan Wu, Jung-Yu Lin, Yuan-Ze
An, Yuan-Ze Inst. of Technology, Taiwan 
A Distributed Intelligent-CAI System on the World-Wide-Web 
Kiyoshi Nakabayashi, Yoshimasa Koike, Mina Maruyama, Hirofumi
Touhei, Satomi Ishiuchi, Yoshimi Fukuhara, NTT Information and
Communication Systems Laboratories, Japan 
Strategies for Learning From Multimedia 
Educational Objectives and the Promotion of Learning in the
Construction of Multimedia Packages 
Sue Fenley, Open Univ., UK 
Instruction and Learning: Roles of Metacognition and Technology in
Support of Students' Problem-Solving Transfer 
Xiaodong Lin, Vanderbilt Univ., USA 
Supporting Teacher Use of Interactive Multimedia 
Brian Ferry, John Hedberg, Barry Harper, Univ. of Wollongong,
The Structure of a Hypermedia and Intelligent Computer-assisted
Instruction System 
Ying Chen, Qinming He, S. Wang, Zhejiang Univ., China 
Dialogue and Explanation 
Using Targeted Negotiation to Support Student's Learning 
Susan Bull, Univ. of Edinburgh; Matt Smith, King Alfred's College
of Higher Education, UK 
Dialogue Strategies for Assisting Students to Understand Causality
in Physical Systems 
Kenichi Asami, Akira Takeuchi, Setsuko Otsuki, Kyushi Institute of
Technology, Japan 
A Learning Environment Using an Explanation Refinement Model in
Self Explanation 
Kazuhide Kanenishi, Yoneo Yano, Shikoku Univ. Jr. Col., Japan 
ArcHyMeDia: Proposal of an Hypermedia Distributed Architecture for
an Interactive/Intelligent Computer-assisted Learning System 
Francoise Guegot, Christophe Necaille, LIR-INSA Rouen, France 
Invited Talk 
Title: To be announced 
David Dwyer, Apple Computer 
Multimedia Tools I
Learning Window Programming through an Interactive Learning
Environment with Visual Guidance 
Jih-Shih Hsu, National Yunlin Institute of Technology, Taiwan 
CML and Singapore Polytechnic 
Doreen Cheong, Alan Jolliffe and David Stevens, Singapore
Polytechnic, Singapore 
T. V. Prabhakar, Indian Institute of Technology, India 
Computer Supported Physics Instruction
Creating Interactive Simulations for Physics Education in Schools
Yibing Li, Open Univ., UK 
Simulations for Physics Learners: Reality vs Abstraction 
Yibing Li, Tim O'Shea, Isabelle Borne, 
Open Univ., UK 
Development and Applications of Intelligent Computer Auxiliary
Instruction (ICAI) for High School Physics 
Zepei Liu, Chong Qing Zong Research Institute, P.R. China 
AI Techniques to Support Learning II 
A Framework for Supporting Discovery Learning by Plan Recognition
Tomio Shingae, Akira Takeuchi, Setsuko Otsuki, Kyushi Institute of
Technology, Japan 
FSM-Based Knowledge Representation in a Computer Tutoring System 
Anna Yankovskaya, Nina Yevtushenko, Tomsk State Academy of
Architecture and Building, Russia 
Agent-Based Learning Environments 
Pedagogical Agents in Virtual Learning Environments 
Lewis Johnson, Information Sciences Institute, USA 
Intelligent Tutoring as a Multi-Agent Interaction 
Albert Wu, Hong Kong Polytechnic Univ.; M. C. Lee, Chinese Univ.
of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 
Whose Dream? A Case Study of Educational Multimedia Design and Art
Nicola Durbridge, Open Univ., UK 
Panel Discussion 
To Model or Not to Model: Is AI the Answer? 
Gordon McCalla, Univ. of Saskachewan, Canada; David Jonassen,
Pennyslvannia State Univ., USA 
Multimedia Tools II 
SLIM - Interactive Multimedia Self-Learning Software 
Rodolfo Delmonte, Federico Greselin, Univ. of Venice, Italy 
Development of a Hypermedia System for Teaching Statistical Process
T. A. Spedding, Nanyang Technological Univ., Singapore; B. J.Stone,
The Univ. of Western Australia, Australia 
Building a Multimedia CAL Prototype for a Computing Course 
Soo Mee Foo and Meow Chan Cliffe-Wong, Ngee Ann Polytechnic,

         POSTER SESSIONS--DECEMBER 6, 7, & 8

Posters will be displayed all day on each of the three main
conference days. Poster sessions with authors present will be held
on December 7 & 8 from 2:45 to 4:00 PM.
3SAL: structured authoring language by 3 steps _3SAL's Ideas and
Z.Z. Li, K. Bian, C.Y. Yu, J.P. Yan 
Tianjin Institute of Technology, P.R. China 
A computer based learning software for teaching fluid mechanics 
P.M. Nobar, Ngee Ann Polytechnic, Singapore 
A constructivist stack-based learning environment 
Raul Wazlawick, Antonio Mariana, Edla Ramos, Luiz Melgarejo Univ.
Federal de Santa Catarina, SC - Brazil 
A problem solving system of symbolic intergration that can learn
Xu Liben, Jilin Univ., China 
Building a creative computing environment - A collaborative project
Helen James, Curtin University of Technology, Australia 
CALL in college English instruction: An investigation on modality
and strategy 
Mingli Hao, National University of Defense Technology, China 
CASDET - Computer aided structural design education tool 
Moreno Piccolotto & Olga Rio, Swiss Federal Institute of
Technology, Switzerland 
Comparison of instructional approaches with use of production
Larisa Soldatova & Igor Shevchenko, Far Eastern State University,
Computer literacy training in a third world: Striving for
Esmarie Strydom, Potchefstroom University, South Africa 
Design and implementation of multimedia authoring tool: TSUMIKI
Hideo Kiyohara, Hidenori Miyamoto, Cheiko Kouyama, Hideki Hayashi,
Tsutomu Matsumoto; Kozo Keikaku Engineering Inc, Kumamoto National
College of Tech., Japan 
Development of a Kanji ICAI system with integrated learning
Toshihiro Hayashi; Saga University, Japan 
Development of a Kanji compound learning system with competitive
Toshihiro Hayashi; Saga University, Japan 
Error diagnosis in the multimedia system of computer assisted
Chinese learning. 
Kekang He; Beijing Normal University, China 
Guidelines to educational hypermedia systems design 
Neide Santos; Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 
Inservice teachers' attitudes toward educational computing in
Yuen-kuang Cliff Liao; National Hsinchu Teachers College, Taiwan
Integrating intelligent advisory strategies and student modeling
procedures through the development of five multimedia learning
Max Giardina; Universite de Monreal, Canada 
Introduction of computer based learning: Practice of CAI IN
Xiao Zouting; Tsinghua University, China 
Let CAI enter mathematical instruction in earnest in highschool
Pengyuan Wang; The Number 2 Highschool attached to Peking Univ.,
MCCLIBMS: A case study of software engineering workshop in ToT --
An Experiment in learning Big software development 
Zhaozhi Li, Tianjin Institute of Technology, China 
Networking nutrition: A model based on two universities 
Betty Walsh; Murdoch University, Australia 
Portable computers in education: developing IT skills in a
secondary school. 
S. Ian Robertson; The Open University, U.K. 
Software quality courseware for the WWW 
M.J. McAlister, N. Parrington, C. Sloanes; Univ. of Sunderland,
Team approaches to rapid computerised systems development 
Peter Fillery; Curtin Univ. of Technology, Australia 
The design and implementation of IPS-Maker 
Shi-lin Wang; National University of Defense Technology, China 
The on line diagnosis method on LISP tutoring system 
Hiroyuki Ohnuma & Toyohide Watanabe; Nagoya Univ., Japan 
The research and practice of CAI in Chinese fundamental education 
 Shao hui Li; Beijing Normal University, China 
Tools and resources for CALL in Chinese 
Gee Kin Yeo; National University of Singapore, Singapore 
Towards an Ada-ICAI system: Design and implementation 
Yun Liu; Northern Jiaotong University, China 

                     TRAVEL INFORMATION

Official Travel Agent 
The official travel agent for ICCE 95 is: 
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travel arrangements. 
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Hong Kong 
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1-3A Hart Avenue 
Tsimshatsui, Kowloon 
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Contact: Mr. Henry Ong 
New Zealand 
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Inter Asia Holidays & Tours 
Suites 1 & 2, Block A, 10th Floor 
Sony Building #58 
Section 1 Ming Sheng East Road 
Tel: 886 2 511 6341 
Fax: 886 2 563 0028 
Contact: Ms. Sandy Liang 
United Kingdom 
Magnet World Travel Ltd 
18-30 Clerkenwell Road 
London EC1M 5NN 
Tel: 44 171 457 4600 
Fax: 44 171 457 4646 
Contact: Mr. Kris Kooraram 
United States 
Interport Ltd. 
510 31st Street, Suite G 
Newport Beach, CA 92663 
Tel: 714-673-3596 
Fax: 714-673-1007 
Contact: Mr. Chuck Joy 
Air Transportation 
ICCE 95 conference participants fly into Changi Airport. 
To obtain the best airfare discounts and flights, ICCE 95 has
selected United Airlines as the official carrier for US
participants. United offers attendees 10% discount off unrestricted
coach fare and 5% discount off the lowest applicable fares for
flights within the US.  

When making your reservations or using the services of a travel
agent, please use the ICCE 95 meeting ID number. 
   Call United Airlines: 1-800-521-4041 (U.S. phone) 
                  Meeting ID# 590YY 
Ground Transportation 
Taxis are easily available from the airport to any hotel and cost
around $10 (US). The Airport Coach Service or AIRBUS provides a
comfortable and enjoyable alternative with friendly and
well-trained staff at your service. AIRBUS operates daily from 6
AM to 12 midnight at an average frequency of 20 minutes. Tickets
priced around $3.50 (US) for adults and $2 (US) for children under
12 are available on board the AIRBUS, at selected hotels and at
AIRBUS counters located in the Arrival Hall of Changi Airport. 


The luxurious Westin Stamford and Westin Plaza is the official
hotel for the conference. All paper sessions, posters,
demonstrations and tutorials will be held within the hotel
Rooms have been reserved at special rates for ICCE 95 delegates.
Accommodation at supporting hotels within walking distance of the
conference venue is also an option.  

For attendees of ICCE 95, the supporting hotels will provide
one-way shuttle transfer to Raffles City Convention Centre during
conference days for the Exhibition. 

All hotel reservations should be made through Orient Explorer,
using the Hotel and Tour Reservation Form at the end of this
Program. Complete the form and send it directly to Orient Explorer
at the address listed on the form. The travel agent will confirm
your arrangements directly with you.


Discover Singapore--Crossroads of the World! 
ICCE 95 will be held in the island republic of Singapore. Situated
at one of the most important crossroads of the world, Singapore is
truly a place where East and West come together. Here you will find
Chinese, Indian, and Malay communities living harmoniously
together, their long established cultures forming a unique backdrop
to a clean and modern garden city. English is spoken everywhere and
is the commonly used business language. 

Singapore is a thriving business and financial centre for Southeast
Asia. It has the world's busiest port, and its award winning
airport serves more than 60 major airlines. It has the tallest
hotel in the world (where ICCE '95 will be held!). Singapore has
an astonishing mix of old ethnic areas, modern offices and shopping
complexes. It has over 70 world class hotels, 18 lush golf courses,
and a host of tourist attractions. Few places on earth promise such
a delight for the palate, with gourmet cuisine from over 30

Singapore's climate is warm and welcoming all year round, with
temperatures ranging from 30 degrees C (86 degrees F)/day to 23
degrees C (73 degrees F)/night. 
For more information on Singapore, contact: 
 Singapore Tourism Promotion Board 
 Tourism Court 
 1, Orchard Spring Lane 
 Singapore 1024 
 Tel: (65) 7366622; Fax: (65) 7369423 

For online travel information, contact the Singapore Online Guide:

Local Sightseeing Tours 
City Synopsis: 
An introduction to the dynamic city of Singapore, covering both the
old and the new. 
Twilight Cruise: 
An evening cruise on board a Chinese Junk (traditional Chinese
sailing vessel) with a Singaporean buffet dinner. 
Night Safari: 
Combines the comfort of a zoo environment and the vastness of a
national wildlife park. Awarded Singapore's Best New Tourist
Attraction for 1995. 
Post-Conference Tours 
Phuket, Thailand: 
Phuket--"Pearl of the South"--is graced by some 16 sandy beaches
which are enchanting in their tranquility. This luxuriously verdant
paradise is the largest island belonging to Thailand. Phuket's
beaches are not the only attraction. Phanga Bay, made popular by
the James Bond film "The Man with the Golden Gun", has interesting
geological rock and cliff formations. 
Bali, Indonesia: 
Bali--"Isle of the Gods"--where a colorful, vibrant culture stems
from myth and legend. Visitors are greeted with happy faces. Bali
is an island of gentleness and good manners. Colourful roadside
panoramas, be it in dancing, painting, weaving, basketry or even
making decorations which are placed at the many shrines in public
places, are common sights. 
Langkawi, Malaysia: 
Pulau Langkawi is the main island of a group of 104 islands off the
coast of Kedah. It is known for its natural beauty and its many
legends. The island abounds with scenic beaches. Among the
activities you can enjoy are snorkeling, scuba diving, boating,
water skiing, wind surfing, and parasailing. The seas around the
island teem with fish.