Author Topic: MOUNTAINEER'S TWELVE ESSENTIALS  (Read 876 times)

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MOUNTAINEER'S TWELVE ESSENTIALS
« on: February 12, 2017, 11:32:51 pm »

MOUNTAINEER'S  TWELVE ESSENTIALS RECOMMENDED BY  EXPERTS  OF
ALL TYPES:

1)    AT  LEAST  ONE  COMPLETE CHANGE OF CLOTHING  including
     extra for such contingencies as rain & cold weather

2)   EXTRA FOOD. Include extra rations in your minimum. This
is  your insurance policy in case  something goes really wrong.

3)    SUNGLASSES. Every time you set out for a strange  area
it's  good  to  have a pair along. If you  are  planning  on
desert, alpine or winter camping, it's a rare occasion  that
you  will  not  need  them. Even Eskimos  worry  about  snow
blindness.

4)    A KNIFE. A substantial pocketknife is the order of the
day.  No  need for bowie knife and the big sheath knife  for
those  who are out to tackle bears with bare hands.  A  good
swiss army knife is excellent or a Buck for bigger job.

5)    FIRE  STARTERS, jelly, ribbon, tablets or  impregnated
peat  bricks.  There are emergencies where a  fire  is  both
necessary and difficult to start. Every kit should include a
supply of starters of one kind or another.

6)    EMERGENCY  MATCHES. Fire starters alone don't  a  fire
make. You need matches. Long wooden ones are best and soaked
in  wax  to  make  them weather proof and  keep  them  in  a
waterproof container.

7)   A FIRST AID KIT.

8)    A  FLASHLIGHT. Everyone should carry his own  and  add
     extra batteries & bulbs just in case.

9)    MAPS. You should have a map when going to all but  the
most familiar places. It's not only a safety factor but  can
add a lot of enjoyment to your trip, helping you to find the
best spots and sights.

10)   A GOOD QUALITY COMPASS even two might help in case the
      first one goes berserk.

11)   A SPACE BLANKET. It did not exist in the first writing
      up of this list.

TODAY IT IS AN INVALUABLE SAFETY PRECAUTION. Weighing only 2
ounces it opens up to a full 56"X84".

IT  REFLECTS UP TO 90% OF A SLEEPER'S BODY HEAT while at the
same time keeping out rain, rain and snow. Not to be used as
camping  blanket  but ESSENTIAL AS EMERGENCY  GEAR  FOR  ALL
KINDS OF USES INCLUDING SIGNALIZATION.

12)  THIS BOOK! THIS BOOK!

ESSENTIAL PART OF THE SAS TRAINING ALWAYS WORE THEM ON YOU.
It  contains enough food and equipment to sustain you if you
ever have to abandon your Bergen bag it consist of:

Sugar,  tea, rations such as Oxo cubes, chocolate and  soup,
block  of  Hexamine* for fuel, fishing line  and  hooks  and
snares, a small knife.

A fishing line and hooks, snares, spoon, waterproof matches,
a  mug,  a torch, a button compass and a small scale map  of
the area.

It  MUST  be small, compact, capable of being carried  in  a
belt  and  provide  sustenance for 2 days  after  that  your
combat survival skills come in or you are dead Bozo.

SURVIVAL KIT: HUDSON BAY EMERGENCY KIT !

Drawing  upon  nearly 300 years of experience  in  the  wild
places  has prepared a watertight emergency kit particularly
for use on the trading concern's aircraft.

This  11 pounds outfit which is capable of floating measures
12 X 11 X 3 1/2 inches. + this: SURVIVAL BOOK !

The content have been assembled with a view of maintaining 1
individual  normally for 1 week, if the  user  cut  down  on
exertion and hardship to a minimum.

And  with  conservative characteristic  estimates  that  the
sustenance  can  be stretched about 4 times as  far.  Here's
what they include dear Rambo.

ITEMS: QUANTITY PURPOSE:

Tea bags       28 Make tea
Vitamin Pills  50 Make up diet deficiency
Pilot Bread    30oz food
Butter (margarine) 16oz food

Strawberry jam 14 1/2oz.  food/ Klik (spam etc) 12oz. food /
Condensed milk  14oz. food /Chocolate bars  10 of 5oz. food

Matches  (wood)100 Light fire and (2 bic lighter)  Knife:  1
multi  purpose  / Spoon: 1 eating, fish bait, scoop,  shovel
Whistle: 1 signalling.

1 Double face mirror  signalling. (heliograph).Fishing  line
1x (100ft) = fishing, snaring, wick,  string. Fishhook:  4
fishing,  catching  birds.  Snare  wire:1oz. Setting Snares
& other uses.

Candles:  2   cooking, light, etc Kleenex: 1  package  multi
purposes Camphor: 1 small jar mosquito bites,  cuts,  chap lips.

Remember  to use wooden matches and to have them  waterproof
by dipping them in hot wax before going out in the bushes.

If  you  don't have the Hudson Bay Kit then use an army  kit
canteen  which  is rectangular and fit one  into  the  other
easily  and  easy  to  make  watertight  as  well  and   has
collapsible handle.

Bring this Survival Book in your coat pocket at all time.

S/KIT  # 2: Here is another s/kit to be carried in a  jacket
pocket.

Reusable  plastic  tape   (also seals  tin)/  2  inch  gauze
squares.  / Any antiseptic / Adhesive bandages / Concentrate
chocolate. / #Bouillon cubes#

30  ft.  Fishing line / Nylon leader / Various  fishhooks  &
cork  / Wooden matches dip in wax. / candle stub (for  light
or wet-wood fire starter.).

Aspirin  / Vitamin pills, (Vita 29*)/ Iodine water purifying
tablets. / safety pins to mend clothing, single edge blade.

Needle  &  thread  and if not otherwise carried  add)  steel
mirror  for signalling, compass, whistle, magnifying, glass,
burn ointment.

Mosquito net that fold as a handkerchief & ground sheet 10 X
6Ft.  16) 2 Lighter fluid cans 5 oz.each.

DON'T  FORGET TO CARRY YOUR SURVIVAL BOOK ON " YOU " AT  ALL
TIMES !

SURVIVAL KIT #1:

A  few  items can make all the difference in the  fight  for
survival. Collect the things listed below.

They can all be fitted into a small container, such as  a  2
oz  tobacco tin, that will hardly be noticeable when slipped
into an anorak pocket.

MAKE A HABIT OF ALWAYS HAVING IT WITH YOU.

Do not choose something bigger. You may find it inconvenient
to  carry  and leave it out on the one occasion you actually
need it.

Many  people who roll their own cigarettes carry such a tin.
But this one is much more useful. It may save your life. The
smoker is speeding up the end of his.

Experience  has  proved  that each items  earns  its  place,
though  some are more use in some situation that in  others:
fish hooks for instance may be invaluable in the jungle  but
useless in a desert.

Polish  the  inside  of  the  lid  to  make  a  mirror  like
reflecting  surface  and seal it, to be  waterproof  with  a
strip  of  adhesive  tape which can be  easily  removed  and
replaced. Don't just forget the tin.

Regularly check the contents, changing any which deteriorate
such as matches and medicine tablets.

Mark  all drug containers with use and dosage and a  run-out
date  when they should be replaced. Pack spare space in  the
tin  with  cotton  wool which will keep  the  contents  from
rattling and can be used for fire lighting.

FIRE IS VITAL TO SURVIVAL:4 items are for making it.

1)  MATCHES:

Waterproof matches are useful but bulkier than ordinary non
safety,  strike anywhere matches, which can be made  shower
proof  by  dipping the heads in melted candle fat.  To  save
space, snap off half of each match stick.

It  is much easier to use matches than to make fire by other
methods  but  don't  waste them, use  only  when  improvised
method fail.

Take  them one at a time from the tin and replace  the  lid.
NEVER leave the container open or lying on the ground.

2) CANDLE:

Invaluable  for starting a fire as well as a  light  source.
Shave  square for packing. If made of tallow it is also  fat
to eat in an emergency or to use for frying.

But  be  sure  it  is tallow; paraffin wax  and  some  other
candles are inedible. Tallow does not store well, especially
in hot climates.

3) FLINT:

Flint  will work when wet and they will go on striking along
after you run out of matches.

Invest a processed flint with a saw striker. Recently on the
market  you can buy a magnesium flint fire starter which  is
great on all occasion.

4) MAGNIFYING GLASS:

Can  start  a  fire from direct sunshine and be  useful  for
searching  for  splinter  and stings  and  to  replace  lost
reading glasses. One of the advantage of the top of the line
swiss  knife  is that it has a magnifying glass incorporated
within.

5) NEEDLES AND THREAD:

Several  needles, including at least one with a  very  large
eye  that  can  be  threaded with sinew and coarse  threads.
Choose strong thread and wrap it around the needles.

6) FISH HOOKS AND LINE:

A selection of different hooks in a small tin or packet. Add
a few split lead weight.

Remember  that a small hook will catch both and  large  fish
but  a large hook will only catch  big ones. Include as much
line as possible, it will also be useful for catching birds.

7) COMPASS:

A  luminous  button compass. But MAKE SURE you know  how  to
read  it as some compass can be confusing and remember never
make a reading close to any metallic surface.

A  liquid type is the best but also MAKE SURE that  it  does
not  leak,  has no bubble in it & is fully serviceable.  The
pointer  is  prone to rust. MAKE SURE it is on a  pivot  and
swings freely.

8) BETA LIGHT:*

A  light-emitting crystal, only the size of a small coin but
ideal  for reading a mag at night and useful fishing lure
expensive but just about everlasting and well worth to buy.

9) SNARE WIRE:

Preferably brass-wire - 60-90cm (2-3ft) should do. Save  for
snares, but could solve many survival problems.

10) FLEXIBLE SAW:

These  usually come with large rings at the ends as handles.
These  take  up too much room, so remove them, they  can  be
replace by wooden toggle when you need to use it.

To  protect  from rust and breakage cover it in  a  film  of
grease.  Flexible saws can be used to cut even  quite  large
trees, but be slow when cutting.

11) MEDICAL KIT:

What  you  include depends upon your own skill in using  it.
Pack  medicines in airtight containers with cotton  wool  to
prevent  rattling.  The  following  items  will  cover  most
ailments but they are only a guide.

ANALGESIC:      A pain reliever for mild and moderate  pain.
Codeine phosphate is ideal for tooth-ear and headaches.

DOSE  =     One tablet every 6 hours as needed but they  can
cause  constipation as side effect so will help in  case  of
loose  bowels.  Not to be taken by children,  asthmatics  or
people with liver disorders.

INTESTINAL SEDATIVE:

For  treating  acute  and  chronic  diarrhoea.  Immodium  is
usually  favoured. DOSE= 2 tablets initially, then one  each
time a loose stool is passed.

ANTIBIOTIC:

For  general  infections. Tetracycline can be used  even  by
people  hypersensitive to penicillin. DOSE= One 250mg tablet
4  times  daily, repeated 5 to 7 days.  Carry enough  for  a
full course.

If  taking them avoid milk, calcium and iron preparations or
other drugs containing aluminum hydroxide.

ANTIESTAMINE:

For allergies, insect bites and stings and may also help  in
case of bad reaction to a drug.

Piriton  is  recommended in Britain  and  Benadryl  in  USA.
Sleepiness  is a side-effect of Piriton, so useful  as  mild
sleeping  pill.  Do not exceed recommended dosages  or  take
with alcohol.

WATER STERILISING TABLETS:

For  use where water is suspect and you can not boil. Follow
manufacturer's  instructions.  Water  near   any   city   is
dangerous and in most cities in South America as well.

ANTI-MALARIA TABLETS:

Essential in areas where Malaria is present. There are types
which require only one tablet taken monthly.

POTASSIUM PERMANGANATE:

Has  several uses. Add to water and mix until water  becomes
bright  pink  to  sterilise  it,  deeper  pink  to  make  an
antiseptic  and to a full red to treat fungal diseases  such
as athlete's foot.

12) SURGICAL BLADES:

At  least 2 scalpel blades of different sizes. A handle  can
be made from wood when required.

13) BUTTERFLY SUTURES:

Use to hold the hedges of wounds together.

14) PLASTERS: (band-aids)*

Assorted  sizes,  preferably waterproof for minor  abrasions
and  keeping  cuts clean. They can be cut  and  be  used  as
butterfly sutures. ** Use the new burn type it doubles up in
its uses for burns and cuts.

15) CONDOM:

Beside fun this can make a good water bag (1 litre).

16) 1 TAMPAX:

Beside its feminine use, it can be used to start a fire  and
as well as blood cloth when you cut deeply.

17) PLATE SURVIVAL KNIFE:

Hard  to find but well worth it, this new survival knife  is
the  size of your plastic money card, but made of high grade
steel.

And  it  has  12  functions: wood saw blade,  screw  driver,
normal  blade,  ruler,  bottle  opener,  file,  can  opener,
heliograph  from its mirror polished side etc.  Only  $10.00
The  trick is to find it, there is a cheap imitation  around
but its size is much wider and bulkier.

The one I mention is the exact size of your plastic card and
fits well into a wallet. This knife should be in your wallet
even a spare one into your kit.

LIGHTER FLUID:

A  small  can  of it can be EXTREMELY USEFUL to  quick  fire
start  and  warm  up  and  MUST be  brought  along  whenever
possible.

This  is  one of the RAMBO trick used by modern soldiers  to
light  fire.  IT  SHOULD BE KEPT ALWAYS ON YOU,  in  a  side
pocket for emergency warm up & uses.

KIT TO BRING FOR A FEW WEEKS IN WOOD:

Axe  / Shovel / Hay wire 10ft./ Box of wooden matches 100  /
Hammer / Spy-glasses / Soap/ Sharpening stone / Tooth brush,
comb / Screwdriver multiple/ toilet paper 4 rolls / Pliers /

Radio and 6 batteries / Survival book ON YOU / Rope 3  X
100ft. / Card deck & games. / Tarp to cook  &  to  eat under
& various uses.

Map  of  the area Plastified / Protection from rain,  sun  /
Compass,  whistle, heliograph / Deodorant, cold  remedies  /
Rain gear & rubber boots.

Copper  swivels and 30ft of light steel wire to make  traps,
snares. * scisors cut all type* 2 lighter fluid cans 5 oz.
Mosquito  repellent  lotion  /  Sleeping  bag,  underwear  /

Mosquito net / pants, socks, shirt, sweater / Cotton bag  to
carry food / hat, tuque./ Vaseline, iodine, aspirin, gauze /
Fishing, hunting gear, ammunition.

3  Shelldressing,  / Coleman stove and refil,  1lb  of  nail
different size./ (vaseline) / Strong needle & sewing  kit  /
Camera  &  films / 1 pail for many uses./ Pencil,  paper,  /
Flashlight & batteries &  bulbs.

Can  opener,  cups.  /  Portable  transreceiver  5  watts  /
Sunglasses,  glasses,  /  Frying  pan  and  cooking  pots  /
Compass.

Whistle, / Coffee pot, Fork, spoons,cups, plates / First aid
kit.  /  A good strong hunting knife / Traps and snares./  A
swiss army knife / Scotch tape wide type.

2  bic  lighters / 1 zippo lighter. / 2 longjohns.  /  Canoe
repair  kit,  fibber  glass tarp & liquid  preparation  /  2
Signal  and  2  smoke flares. / Work Glove &  Mits.  /  Fire
lighter, sun tan lotion.

Water  tablets  /  Saw / Fishing line multi  purpose./  Wool
socks,  shoes  / Tent, pegs & repair kit. / Ground  foam.  /
Hacksaw blade.

Several plastic bags./ Oil lamp, extra wick 3 feet.  /  Felt
soles  extra  pair.  / 2 Sponges multi  function  /  Rubber,
plastic,  wood  glue. / 3 Ground sheet plastic  10X6  ft.  /
Grill plate (many uses) / Watch.

Note about the Grill: found from old stove or fridge replace
very  well  a  stove and is very convenient to bring  along.

Place upon some wood piece at the bottom of canoe will  keep
your gears dry.

Note:  Tiger  balms has many uses; cold, head-ache,  sprain,
stiffness.

FOOD LIST:

Onions,  spices,  oat meal, cereal, meat  in  cans,  fruits,
cakes  &  biscuits, bacon, lard, molasses, chocolate,  soup,
flour,  milk,  bread,  eggs,  potato,  rice,  booze?,  fish,
#bicarbonate# , cheese.

Mustard,  mayonnaise,  dills,  lettuce,  vegetables   beans,
margarine, sugar, salt, pepper, spices, tobacco,Coffee,
tea,  yeast, clothe soap, steel wool,  dish  cloth.

Dehydrated food and granola seed type of food (munchies)
Pemmican  and  Sherpa  tea  type  food  (food  file)*.Multi
vitamin*  Vitamin  29 spirolina, irish  moss,  pain  killer.
#Bouillon cubes# , Al. paper,

Check your list carefully and MAKE SURE you don't double  up
with  your  partners  on some items.  Repair  kit  for  your
camping,clothes,  canoe, guns, fishing rod.  Several  strong
plastic bag multi purposes.

NOTE ON FOOD:

Remember that fat in calories is the most concentrated  food
yet  the sustenance the most difficult to find while  living
off the land.

If  you can not get it from animals revert to insects,  such
as  larva, grubs, and what you may dig or find by burning  a
small grass area.

Bear live on grubs yet they are fat enough Think insects  if
no  games. After all St. John lived on locust and honey  for
many years to prove the point.

S/Kit RICK in Army canteen 3 lbs. WITH THIS SURVIVAL BOOK:

Al.  Paper, hand cable saw, fire starter Magnesium,  a  salt
container, 1 container of sugar/ Sucaryl, 1 Boony-Box *
Careful  with the hooks inside they screw up the compass,  3
small roll of copper wire for snares, 2 tampax excellent for
cuts and fire lighter.

1  small  box  of different hooks, some fish  flies,  1  box
Sucaryl  50mg. 1 box of aspirin,  sleeping pills  and  Zomax
(sting & burn & cuts). 12 rolls aids, a pkg of needles  wrap
by rubber, thread and nylon fishing line 50lbs.

12  adhesive bandages, 5 razor blades, 1 bic lighter, wooden
matches dipped in wax, 1 pakage of multi -vitamin, 1 tube of
spirolina tablets,

1  tube of #carbure de calcium# as fire starter,1 bottle  of
Zomax,  2  X3X9" pad of Betadine* VASELINE, 2 Lighter  fluid
cans 5 oz. ( 1 on me at all time.)

All  this  is  put in a army pouch which has  an  added  Bic
lighter,  30  feet of nylon rope, 200 feet of  fishing  rope
100lbs

In  the Boony Box there was also some cotton to use as  fire
starter,  also  aspirin, zomax tab., halazone  tablets.  and
fishing  lines  about 300 feet of 35 to 50 lbs.  &  12  fish
hooks # 10-14.

One  can  add a plate knife, a hand warmer & some cartridges
for  it,  2  pairs  of surgical gloves, a  candle,  survival
blanket,  3  pkgs of dehydrated food and spice  salt  3  oz.
Sugar  pkg  7oz. /  (pemmican, sherpa, corn  type  see  food
file.*)

SURVIVAL BOOK 12 OZ.???

INDIAN BAG:

Here is what an Indian showed us as his survival kit. From a
pocket he withdrew a pkg of tobacco, about 10 wooden matches
in  a  waterproof pack made of birch bark, 5  rabbit  snares
made  of copper, a small penknife, a small sharpening stone,
4 pieces of cod fish line about 3 feet long.

From his left back pocket he got a handful of tea folded  in
a wax pkg., from his right pocket he drew a slingshot with 6
round  stones about 1/2 inch in diameter and 4  nails  of  3
inches.  His belt was a narrow piece of leather  well  oiled
and about 30 inches long.

To  this his companion would add an extra pair of socks,  an
underclothing, a swedish saw blade 3 feet long rolled  in  a
tarp,  a  frying  pan  for bannock of  3"  thick  by  7"  in
diameter.

To  all this they would add a pail in which they use to boil
tea,  2  sleet cups, 3 plates, 2 soup spoons, 2 forks,  tea,
salt,  pepper. 1/2 pound of bacon, grease and one big  onion
and a musk-rat trap.

Don't  forget the ground sheet, the gun and ammo or  fishing
rod  etc. and also to look up in Survival Kit for the things
most needed like the map of the area etc. & Survival book!

THE ALPINE BAG PACKING:

This  bag contains about 30 to 40 lbs, which you should  not
exceed at any rate anyway for the average man (150-175lbs.)

Anything  more  than 40lbs will give you more problems  than
its worth.

This is one of the reason why dehydrated food, pemmican  etc
becomes  handy. Of course this does not count the 3  lbs  of
your  perronnel survival kit which is on you  at  all  time.
Observe the following rules in packing.

1)    Place  the heavy objects UP and near the frame,  place
the  sharp and hard objects in centre, no bag contact  place
objects frequently use in outside pockets.

2)    Insert  map  and flat objects in flap  pocket,  reduce
crowding by packing neatly  light objects at bottom  /  Long
objects up and never across.

Limit  the  width  to  max 24 in. (shoulder  width).  /  Tie
securely as to well attach all parts composing the charge.

In  expedition  avoid to carry material in  boxes,  hard  to
carry.  / Put your gears in strong big plastic bag,  against
rain etc.

NOTE ON BACKPACK:

Each  type  of material should be individually  wrapped  ex;
sleeping   bag,   food,  tent,  clothing,  toilet   article,
perronnel pharmacy cooking objects, miscellaneous will be in
different bags.

Once  you  have them all then put them all in  a  big  green
plastic bag which you then place in the Alpine bag or  other
carrying bag you have.

As  a  thumb  rule the sleeping bag should go first  at  the
bottom. since it is the first thing we put in the morning in
the bag & the last item needed at night.

On  top  of the sleeping bag, put your clothing, the  soiled
clothing should go even under the sleeping bag in a separate
bag. Then put the objects not needed during the day.

On top of that you now put the food. The daily lunch is kept
near at hand in the side pocket or hand bag.The  tent is
tied to the side upward for the stick  and  the tent pouch
at the top of it all in a plastic bag if no other bag
available you can wrap the ground sheet around  it  but
better to keep it separate.

In  the side pockets place the light wind breaker, the  rain
gear,   sponge,   small  flashlight  waterproof   type   and
batteries,  compass etc. At the front pocket  place  fishing
equipments, utensils and canteen to cook etc.

UNPACKING ORDER:

In  order  to  keep  good harmony in an  expeditions  it  is
ESSENTIAL  THAT YOU KEEP YOUR THINGS IN ORDERLY FASHION,  so
as  not  to loose time, energy etc in searching your  things
around specially at nite.

This  may sound like army or convent rules but if you travel
a  bit you will find this rule useful specially if you  must
move every morning. A place for each thing and each thing it
is place.

WINTER TRAVELLING: **

If  you  must  travel in winter then try to get  yourself  a
toboggan  to  carry your gear along, as well  as  your  snow
shoes  or skis. If you have more than 35 to 40 lbs to  carry
of course.

30 / 40 lbs BAG MAXIMUM !:

When possible, stay with 30 lbs of material & use 10lbs  for
food dehydrated such as pemmican etc. and when possible  use
1/2 the food weight in fat.

SURVIVAL POUCH:

In  a  car,  boat  or  aircraft  don't  stow  all  your  kit
separately.  Pack a survival pouch, too large  to  carry  in
your pocket like your survival tin but kept where it can  be
grabbed quickly in an emergency.  If you are on foot keep it
outside your back-pack, carried on your belt.

It  should  contain fuel, food, survival bag and  signalling
kit,  all packed into a mess tin which protects the kit  and
doubles as cooking utensil.

If  you fancy a brew or a snack, it is all there for you and
in an emergency gives a first back up for survival.

Anything  you  use from the pouch on a normal trip  must  be
replenished as soon as possible

POUCH:

The pouch MUST be made from waterproof material and be large
enough to take a mess tin. It MUST have a positive fastening
that  will not come undone, and a strong tunnel loop to hold
it on to your belt

Remember the pouch contains matches, solid fuel and flares
all life savers but to be treated with care.

MESS TIN: *ARMY CANTEEN TYPE PIX

This  is  made from aluminum, which is light and  strong.  A
good cooking utensil it protects kit packed inside it.

FUEL:

Preferably you should have solid fuel tablets in  their  own
stove  container.   Use  sparingly  when  a  wood  fire   is
inconvenient. They make excellent fire lighters.

The stove simply unfolds to form an adjustable pot stand and
holder  for burning fuel. A lot of soldiers in Vietnam  used
to  carry  a small can of gaz lighter which gave them  quick
light, its worth it.

TORCH:

Pack  a  small pencil-like torch light that takes up  little
room. Keep batteries inside it but reverse the last so that,
if  accidently switched on, the batteries don't run. Lithium
batteries last a long time.

FLARES:

Signal  flares  to  attract attention, especially  in  close
country.  Carry red and green mini flares and  a  discharger
(no bigger than a fountain pen.) These are explosive so pack
carefully.

Simply  remove  discharger and screw on to  flare.  Withdraw
flare and point skyward at arms length. Pull the trigger  to
fire.  Use very great care and do not waste. Use to  attract
attention.

MARKER PANEL:

A  strip  or bar of fluorescent material about (1ft  X  6ft)
used to attract attention in an emergency.

One bar signals immediate evacuation. Form other signal with
panels  carried by others in your party. Pack  to  stop  the
other item in the rough rattling.

MATCHES:

Pack  as many matches as possible in a waterproof container.
You  never  have  enough. Movement against  each  other  can
ignite non-safety matches. Pack carefully.

BREW KIT:

There is nothing like a HOT brew to restore morale. Pack tea
powder  and milk and sugar in sachets.  Tea quenches  thirst
whereas coffee aggravates it.

FOOD:

Fat is the hardest food to come by when living off the land.
Yet the most useful.

Its  extra  calories earn it a place in your kit.  Tubes  of
butter,  lard or ghee are available. Dehydrated meat  blocks
are  nourishing  and sustaining, though  not  very  good  in
flavour.
Chocolate  is  good  food, but does  not  keep  well.  Check
regularly.  Salt  MUST be included - salt  tablets  are  the
compact  way  to  carry it, or better still  an  electrolyte
powder which contains vitamins, salt and other mineral  that
the body requires.

SURVIVAL BAG: COLD & HYPOTERMIA

A  large  polythene bag (7 X 3 ft) is a life  saver  in  the
cold.  In  an  emergency get inside  to  reduce  heat  loss.
Although wet from condensation you will be warm.

Even  better is a heat insulated bag of reflective  material
that keeps you warm and solves the condensation problem.

CAMPING GEARS GOLDEN RULE: BACKPACK.**

The  less heavy the better it is. First make a list  of  all
that  you think is necessary like your TV, micro-wave, dish
washer etc. then weigh each item then eliminate what is  not
absolutely  needed  for survival or good  camping  including
your VCR & beer.

LIST OF ITEMS:

Matches,  photo  gears & films, guns & ammo, fishing  gears,
shovel,  swedish  saw,  walking stick,  plastic  containers,
candles, flares.

Flashlights  and  batteries, first-aid kit,  6  meter  nylon
cables, long john, pen and note book, maps, wool sweater, t
shirts, socks, pants short and long ones wool is best.

Cooking  pots  and pan, foam cushion, hunting knife,  pocket
knife  swiss  style, mountain climbing gears, sponge,  nylon
string,  snares, food, gloves, sunglasses and  eye  glasses,
portable radio, transreceiver, no ghetto blasters.

Life  jacket  and canoe repair kit, hammock,  sleeping  bag,
foam  mattress,  shoe  string spare, spy  glasses,  survival
book, signal mirror, bug repellent lotion and suntan lotion,
soap, swim trunk, lighter fluid, flints and lighter,

Hand warmer, hat, watch, tent repair kit, water pills, snake
kit,  toilet  paper, rain gear, winter clothes, sewing  kit,
poncho and nylon tarp, cooking stove and fuel.

Water  container  personal  and  group,  walkie-talkie   and
batteries,  backpack,  shoes and rubber  boots,  belt  pack,
plastic  bags, foot powder and bandages for feet  problems*,
tent.

DON'T FORGET THE SPICES which turn a dull meal into a feast,
use  garlic,  chili, salt, oregano, dry onion and  some  all
purpose spices or any one which you fancy along.

They  take  little  space  and make  the  whole  difference.
(sugar, coffee mate). You should really have 2 survival  kit
one  small one in breast pocket and a bigger one in the back
pack.

CAPITAL TO have on you at ALL TIME the small S-KIT with this
BOOK,  with signal mirror plate knife  type with  a  compass
and a water canteen and insolar ground sheet and poncho.

Army camouflage blanket and zippo and water pill, knife  and
1 can lighter fluid and 3 small candles.

Shell-dressing & band-aids. Fishing & snaring  kit  Whislte,
waterproof  matches a few Oxo cubes-tea- safety pin &  Boony
box. *

For  the big kit, it has a wool sweater, anorak gortex, rain
gear,  dehydrated rice, smoked meat-first  aid  kit-  signal
flares- 15 meter nylon rope 3MM  - 30cm AL. Paper

Paper and pen and what is needed to make a solar  alembic if
your  are close or in a desert = Hose 3 feet long- Tarpaulin
solar type real strong one like in BC. TYPE.*

PETROLEUM JELLY OR VASELINE:

Vaseline  can  be  eaten  or used for  cooking  as  well  as
lubricant as cold or heat protection. Its many uses make  it
worth  to  be in your camp food kit. A tiny tube  should  go
into your survival kit.

HUNTING PACK OR S/KIT:

A  prudent  hunter or wood lover should have at least  those
items: Matches principal item of the woodsman, should be  in
wood,  waxed & sealed in small container. Cardboard  matches
get  damp fast. Of course you can have a butane lighter  Bic
style or gas Zippo style.

All  you have to do for your matches is to dip them in  warm
wax at home then put them in your container. As for the wood
matches,  scratch away the wax with your finger nail  before
striking it

*NOTE;  You  should (MUST) have a personal body  S/Kit  &  a
normal S/Kit. For ex. Matches or lighters should be in  both
Kit. Accidental lost can be deadly.

A person should NEVER ENTER WOOD WITHOUT HIS SURVIVAL KIT!

GUN: TRICK:

Useful trick for hunters; In the rifle butt there are 1 or 2
holes deep enough to insert a small tube containing matches.

10  feet  of  snare wire, 2 hooks, 25 feet of  nylon  rolled
around your tube. Your knife blade will unscrew those screws
which are at the end of your butt rifle.

LIST OF THINGS:

To bring in forest for a good ride & vacation  MAKE SURE you
check this list before and avoid surprise.

Salt,   pepper,   sugar,  flour,  tea,  coffee,   margarine,
vaseline,  spirolina, salted peanuts,  milk,  eggs,  potato,
first/aid kit, survival book, matches,

Candles,   bic  lighter,  flashlight  and  spare  batteries,
tobacco, toilet paper, watch alarm clock, fishing /  hunting
equipments and ammo, alcohol?

Dish  soap, towels, bicarbonate. To this you can add onions,
spices,   seasoning  salt,  oat,  pastas,  cereals,  butter,
fruits, biscuits, cakes, mustard, fish,

Cheese,   meat,  salted  lard,  bacon,  beans,   vegetables,
molasses,  chocolate, soup. MAKE SURE your butter  is  in  a
leak  proof container. Any meat brought in should be  frozen
and foiled in Al.paper to keep them longer.

ANOTHER LIST:

Socks,  under  wears,  pants,  shirts,  needle  and  thread,
gloves,  hat,  coat, rain gear, boots. Lighter  fluid  which
starts a quick fire and for your zippo lighter.

Dry  food  if possible. Tent & sleeping bag, nylon tarp  for
many  use  &  Al.paper.  Some glue all  purposes  for  tent,
clothes, wood, metal etc.

20  different size desk elastic strong type, which  you  can
use  to  reduce blood, tie up things etc. as well  as  small
round  candles type which use for quick hand or face warmer,
quick fire starter, long lasting light etc.
ound  candles type which use for quick hand or face warmer,

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