Author Topic: Planning For Survival  (Read 941 times)


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Planning For Survival
« on: February 12, 2017, 11:44:49 pm »
Reprinted from:
American Survival Guide 11/91

                      Planning For Survival

                          By C.E. Teal

In light of recent events, such as the Persian Gulf War,  terror
ism, and economic instability, many individuals and families  are
taking a fresh look at the dreaded "S-word," survivalism.

  As with any beginners, these people need some sort of plan  for
these  uncharted waters. I hope that this article can  give  some
useful  guidance to those new to the field, and perhaps some  new
insights  to  others who have been left to their own  devices  in
coming to grips with this virtually all-inclusive field.

   This plan consists of nine major points: 1. Determination;  1.
Becoming/staying  healthy;   3. Allocating your Budget;   4. 
Developing plans of action;  5. Have a "bug-out" kit;  6. Plan  for
duration;  7. Get training;  8. Practice;  9. Don't advertise.

    The first requirement to insuring  your  (and your  family's) 
longevity  is  DETERMINATION. You must want to  survive.  Contact
others upon whom you might rely  (and whom may likewise rely upon
you)  in a crisis. This is not a game,  although games can play a
part in the training aspect. If we are to survive as individuals, 
as  families,  as a society,  we cannot approach this as  a  one-
person  show. It will take cooperation of the highest order.  The
stakes are literally life and death.

  Many people take the attitude that "If it happens,  I  wouldn't
want  to live anyway, " This is an attitude which almost  guarantees
 defeat or death. A husband,  father,  or single mother  with
this  attitude  is virtually condemning his or her  family  to  a
similar fate.

  BECOME/STAY  HEALTHY. Every-one in the family or  group  should
get  a  complete medical,  dental and vision checkup.  Find  your
weaknesses  and  limitations so you may cope with  them,   before
they take you by surprise Get caught up on immunizations such  as
tetanus,  hepatitis,  and measles. If eyeglasses or contacts  are
needed,   get at least one spare pair,  or save old ones.   Stock
up on cleaning solution if you wear contacts. Work to bring  your
teeth  up to the healthiest level possible. A toothache can be  a
major  problem even in normal times when a dentist is  available.
Imagine trying to make critical decisions while suffering with  a
toothache when there may be few,  if any,  dentists in operation.

  Make sure your feet are in good condition. They may someday  be
your only mode of transportation. Begin and maintain an  exercise
program  which balances strength with endurance and  flexibility.
Running,  swimming,  and stair climbing are all excellent  conditioners.

 ALLOCATE  PART OF YOUR BUDGET. Acquire supplies as  your  budget
allows. Be practical;  set priorities. For example: set aside $10
per  month for weaponry  (including ammunition and cleaning  sup
plies,    ($10  per month for clothing  (if you  don't  have  the
proper  clothing  already on hand. Three-piece  suits  or  tennis
outfits have very limited survival applications) ,  another $10 a
month for reserve food and medical supplies,  and so on. If money
is tight, you can alternate purchases from month to month.

 The  important  thing  is to make some  sort  of  survival-based
acquisition  regularly,  or at every opportunity. In making  sur
vival investments,  you should consider the following points:  a) 
Might you actually need it  (Does it serve a legitimate  survival
need,  such as food) ? b)  Do you have the skill to use it  prop
erly,   and  would you be able to repair it  when  it  inevitably
breaks down? c)  Will it need something else,  such as electricity,
  gas,  heat,  or water to operate? d)  How many/much will you
need,   and  how  long do you expect it to last   (see  Plan  For
Duration)  : e)  Is it practical for the conditions  you  anticipate,
  such as proper clothing for the climate?

  DEVELOP PLANS OF ACTION. You should discuss with your family or
group  the  conditions under which you would  run   (Where?)   or
stay;  whether to hide  (For how long?)  or fight  (Whom? How?) .
Every  member  of the group must be in agreement with  the  final
plan.  One  dissident  could destroy all  your  intentions;   for
instance by "setting-out" the group to an adversary.

    You  should  also  develop "backup" plans  to  cover  various
contingencies  such as those mentioned. Plan for  the  worst-case
scenario and work down from there.

   HAVE  A  "BUG-OUT" KIT. Keep a short-term  (up  to  one  week) 
survival  kit  handy in case you must leave  NOW.   Remember  the
priorities: shelter,  water,  food,  medical supplies,   weapons, 
communications. Ideally,  you should have several kits;  one  for
each member of the family and group,  another one in each vehicle
in case a crisis occurs at an unexpected moment  (as they usually
do)  .  and a large cache of supplies away from the home,   in  a
place  safe  from discovery or disaster;  in the event  you  must
evacuate  your home quickly, as in the case of fire,   earthquake
or war. Each of these kits or caches should be planned to supplement
 and extend the capabilities of the next smallest kit.

  Avoid  making your personal bug-out kit too heavy to run  with; 
you may have to carry it long distances,  quickly.

 PLAN FOR DURATION. Try to realistically anticipate how long  you
expect  your  scenario may last,  and add a little  more  to  the
estimate as a buffer against shortsightedness.

   Do  you expect your disaster scenario to last for days   (such
as  waiting for disaster relief after a major storm,   fire,   or
earth  quake) ,  months  (i.e.,  a major strike by  unions;   re
building after a disaster) ,  or years  (such as being caught  in
the  clutches of a dictatorship,  foreign invasion,  or  persecution) ?

   Try  to be realistic in your preparations. Plan for  the  consumption
of food (calories per person per day,  plus other essential  nutrients)  ,
   water  (gallons per person  per  day,   for
drinking,  cooking and sanitation) ,  ammunition  (as much as can
be obtained,  with a suggested minimum of 500 rounds per  weapon)
,  air  quality   (while in shelter,  or  masks  for  outside)  , 
medical  supplies  (including prescription medicines) ,   and  so

 Some  of  your  scenarios may look unlikely in  the  context  of
present  conditions,  but it only takes an open-eyed look at  the
world,   the nation,  or the neighborhood,  to see the  potential
for  frightening  situations to rapidly develop which  would  not
allow  time for preparation after the fact. For  instance,   note
that many people reacting to a disaster often converge on all the
nearest  stores for provisions such as food,   candles,   bottled
water,  batteries,  and so on. Frequently,  the crowd gets  impatient,
  not wanting or waiting to be left without essentials  for
themselves  or their families. Occasionally, rioting and  looting
begin,  feeding upon itself as the unprepared start to panic.

  Your  aim must be to store adequate supplies for  all  intended
members  of your group for the longest time that you will  likely
be  on  your  own,  with self-sufficiency being  your  goal.  The
federal government recommends having at least three to five  days
supplies  on hand,  to sustain you until relief agencies can  get
into  action.  The more serious the crisis,  the longer  you  may
have to wait for outside help.

  If  you are able,  lay in extra supplies for a  few  additional
persons who will, most likely,  show up either on their own,   or
with members of the group ("My mother was visiting at the time; I
couldn't  just  leave her") . As pragmatic as you must  be,   you
must also not surrender your humanity completely. Otherwise,  you
are no better than the predators you may be fleeing.  Of  course, 
there  is  a practical limit to how much you can be  expected  to
cope with. Examine your own conscience on this issue.

 A  plan  must also be drawn up to deal  with  waste  management.
Essential  "luxuries"  such as toilet paper,  soap,   and  proper
means  of disposing of human waste and garbage with become  major
issues  during a survival situation. Goods and services  we  have
always taken for granted may no longer be available.

  You must also plan to cope with your people's emotional survival.
The abrupt change in lifestyle,  the day to day fight to stay
alive,  will take its toll psychologically if not treated quickly
and  continuously.  Find things to alleviate  boredom,   such  as
games  or  projects.  Give every able person in the group  a  job
they will be responsible for. Even children can be instructed  to
secure trash,  act as lookouts,  or help with food preparation or
gathering  supplies.  Also attempt to continue with their  education,
   albeit with a different emphasis. Find duties  which  require
 a person to study the situation and come up with  a  solution.
Hold meetings to keep everyone current on what's happening, 
and conduct frequent and regular classes for everyone in survival
arts. Keep your people,  and yourself,  busy. Despair may be your
worst enemy.

 GET TRAINING. Your group should learn how to use weapons  effectively.
   Safety,   maintenance,   handling  malfunctions,    and
marksmanship  are all of equal importance in a survival  context. 
Because this is an area where mistakes can be fatal,  instruction
should  be sought from qualified professionals, such as  the  National 
Rifle Association.  Also,  everyone should study  unarmed
self-defense  under  a  qualified instructor;   one  who  teaches
combative,  not tournament techniques.

  Tactics are another important area of study. Learn how best  to
utilize  your weapons under various conditions and  environments, 
such  as snow,  rain,  or at night. There are  several  reputedly
good  schools for this type of study.  There are also many  books
such as military manuals which can be of help, if accompanied  by
lots of practice.

  Study first aid diligently,  as this is one of the most  essential
areas of self help study. The American Red Cross has  excellent,
   inexpensive courses on CPR and basic and  advanced  first
aid.   Everyone  should  be encouraged to take and  pass  such  a
course.  A study of improvised medicines and first-aid  equipment
would  also be useful. Some community colleges  offer  non-credit
courses  in  herbology,  folk medicine, and edible  wild  plants.
There are many very good reference books on the subject.  Another
variation on this theme would be the study of medicinal minerals.
You might seriously consider taking an Emergency Medical  Technician 
course   (or  a Paramedic course if already  an  EMT)   and
joining  a volunteer ambulance corps. Not only would you be  contributing
 to  a  vital community function,  you  would  also  be
gaining  practical,   real-life,  hands-on  experience  which  no
course  can  give by itself. Remember,  in a crisis,   your  body
does  what is has been trained to do. The untrained  reaction  to
crisis is usually panic Practical experience aids tremendously in
overcoming the panic which accompanies disaster.

  Fieldcraft is another valuable area of study. Learn the difference
between, and uses of,  cover and concealment.  Learn how  to
survive  in rural or urban wilderness,  how to find or  construct
proper shelter,  how to gather food and collect and purify water, 
the use of correct sanitation procedures,  basic land navigation, 
and much more.

  PRACTICE. Conduct realistic simulations with your equipment and
your  people to gain valuable experience and  confidence  working
together.  Get  the bugs out while it's relatively  easy.   Learn
what works and what doesn't.

  Go  to  the firing range often,  preferably when  you  or  your
group  can  use it without onlookers.  Practice  on  human-shaped
targets,   using  tactics.  Train in firing techniques  for  real
world  situations  (such as varying weather  conditions,   target
distance  and  size. Learn different firing  positions,  practice
in-house techniques,  etc.) .  Always rigidly enforce appropriate
safety procedures while training with weapons.

  As  an EMT,  you can work on an ambulance or in  the  emergency
room  to  practice and to accustom yourself to the  suffering  of
others.  It's certainly not pleasant,  but it is crucial in  over
coming the shock of seeing something happen suddenly,  perhaps to
someone  you  love. This allows you to get on with  treating  the
patient rather than wasting valuable seconds in panic. With practice,
   reaction  becomes almost automatic,   and  confidence  is
gained. Without practice, hard-earned skills are gradually lost.

  You should try to incorporate your survival skills into  every
day life,  making it a normal part of your existence.

Don't,  however,  carry it to extremes, such as walking around in
public wearing cammies with a 10-inch knife on your belt. Be discreet.
  Shooting  and  hand-to-hand  practice,   ambulance  duty,
making  your own clothes,  and canning your own food;  all  these
skills  and more will not only add to your  survival  repertoire, 
they  will enhance the quality of your life,  as you become  less
dependent  on "the system" and more confident in your own  abilities.

  Learn  the  strengths and weaknesses of your  equipment,   your
people,   and yourself. Without practice and effort you are  just
wasting time and money, and someone close to you could die  needlessly.

  DON'T  ADVERTISE. Keep your actions and intentions as  low-pro
file as possible. You could risk discovery and the loss of every
thing you have been working for,  or wind up with a lot of people
on  YOUR doorstep in a crisis;  people whom you  cannot  support, 
and  who  may have no positive survival value. If you  intend  to
support dependents,  prepare for them with your supplies.

  One  last  thought.  Because predatory people  are  out  there, 
firearms are an essential element of survival planning.  Unfortunately, 
 they  have been abused frequently enough  to  give  the
whole  survival  movement  a bad reputation in the  eyes  of  the
general media,  who too often seem to be looking to discredit and
ridicule  the movement. Survivalists should respect firearms  and
view  them  as  tools to protect what  they  have:  their  lives, 
families,   homes,  and provisions;  not as weapons of  conquest.
The  more  you  prepare,  the more ready you must  be  to  defend
against those who don't.