Author Topic: Economics of EM Weapon Tech  (Read 3036 times)


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Economics of EM Weapon Tech
« on: February 13, 2017, 06:26:34 pm »
December 7, 1990



by Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr.
Milan, Dec. 1, 1987
(written version--may diverge from delivered address)

================================================================ CONFERENCE NOTE: Sixty-five-year-old economist LYNDON H. LA ROUCHE, JR. is a candidate for the 1988 presidential nomination of the Democratic Party (U.S.A.). He is best known in military science for his leading international role, during 1982 and early 1983, in proposing a western global strategic ballistic missile defense based upon "new physical principles." ================================================================

During the past two years, there has been increasing attention to the imminently dominant role of new types of electromagnetic- pulse weapons as strategic and tactical assault weapons of general warfare.

Unfortunately, most of this discussion has been listed under the somewhat misleading title of "radio-frequency weapons," a name carried over from earlier years discussions of more primitive forms of electronic warfare.

One of our greatest difficulties in explaining these new dimensions of warfare, is the popularity of the old opinion, that microwaves might impair or destroy living tissues by inductive heating.

Unquestionably, microwaves can do this, but we are speaking of lethal and other special effects achieved by a deposit of energy on target even several orders of magnitude less than required to cook that tissue to death.

The new class of electromagnetic-pulse weaponry has other military applications, in addition to uses as strategic and tactical anti-personnel assault-weapons. Missions for non-organic targets include increasingly sophisticated methods for rendering equipment inoperative or dysfunctional; they include efficient means for disrupting the structure of materials.

However, general policy for the field as a whole can be fairly discussed by limiting our attention to the case of strategic and tactical anti-personnel assault weapons.


A Branch of Optical Biophysics

It is singularly appropriate that a discussion of this field should occur in Milan, since it was here that the science of optical biophysics was born about five hundred years ago, as an outgrowth of the collaboration between Fra Luca Pacioli and Leonardo da Vinci.

It is also to be stressed, that the founding of modern physical science and biology, by that collaboration, was the outgrowth of the pioneering work in establishing the methods of physical science by the great Cardinal Nicolaus of Cusa, the Cusa whose writings served as the starting-point for the collaboration of Pacioli and Cusa.

The connection between the work of Cusa and of Pacioli and Leonardo, places modern optical biophysics and its military and other applications into the proper historical-scientific perspective.

In was in the context of the Council of Florence that Cusa published his famous <De Docta Ignorantia>, within which is located the most fundamental principle of modern physical science, what is called today the principle of physical least action.

In <De Docta Ignorantia> physical least action is introduced to us as a "Maximum Minimum Principle," as the notion modern physics associates with the "isoperimetric theorem" of topology as well as Leibniz's principle of physical least action. It was on this basis that Cusa became the first modern figure of science to show why the solar hypothesis was necessary, and out of which the foundations of modern relativistic physics were elaborated.

The following points situate our subject-matter historically.

Working from Cusa's principle of physical least action, Pacioli reconstructed the proof that the five platonic solids are the limit of construction of regular polyhedra in euclidean space.

This proof, as later enriched by Leonhard Euler and others, shows that the construction of the Golden Section is a limiting value for construction of intelligible representation of forms in euclidean space.

Pacioli and his collaborators added a discovery which remains confirmed in full today, that between the limits of the very large and the very small, the difference between living and non-living forms is that all healthy living processes are harmonically ordered morphologically in a manner congruent with the Golden Section.

Johannes Kepler applied that principle to the very large, to demonstrate that the fundamental laws of astrophysics are congruent with the Golden Section.

In other words, the fundamental laws of physics are to be adduced as reflections of the curvature of physical space-time reflected in the limiting value of the Golden Section.

Carl Gauss and his successors reworked Kepler's physics from a more advanced standpoint, and that new physics of Gauss, Riemann, and others found a home among such leading scientists of nineteenth- century Italy as the great Betti and Beltrami, from which the great Italian school of electrohydrodynamics and aeronautics emerged to revive the heritage of Leonardo da Vinci in this field.

Today, with aid of application of modern high-energy physics to the phenomena of what are called "force free" states of plasmas, we show that the Kepler-Gauss-Riemann curvature for astrophysics is the curvature of physical space-time on the sub-atomic scale.

Work is currently in progress, with some preliminary success, to show that the ordering of the periodic table and the crystalline and other physical characteristics associated with each element of that table, is determined by synthetic methods coherent with the Kepler-Gauss-Riemann notion of the curvature of physical space-time.

If astrophysics, microphysics, and biophysics are each and all determined by such a common curvature of physical space-time, then we know several things of great practical importance from this fact alone.

First, we know that all of these processes are elementarily non-linear, in the sense that the progress of physics through Gauss, Riemann, and Beltrami implies. We also know which popular axiomatic sorts of ontological assumptions in physics and biology today must be discarded, if we are to render intelligible the elementary actions and principles which govern the the sub-atomic and astrophysical roots of these non-linear processes' behavior on the macro-scale of applications.

My own approach to these matters has proceeded from the standpoint of my successful discoveries in my own profession, in the field which Liebniz defined and established as <physical economy>.

A brief description of my contributions to the science of economy will render more accessible the connection between science and economy, which I report to you today.

My entry into economic science started approximately forty years ago, as a product of my angered reaction to the notion of "information theory" then being popularized by Professor Norbert Wiener and others.

Wiener, as many of you know, attempted to explain <human intelligence> from the standpoint of the statistical gas theory of the Professor Ludwig Boltzmann who died in 1901, allegedly of suicide, at Duino castle.

Since I had been a student of Leibniz since early adolsecence, and an opponent of Immanuel Kant from Leibniz's standpoint, I recognized immediately the nature of Professor Wiener's folly. I chose the subject of the impact of scientific discovery upon productivity of labor as the empirical standpoint in which to situate my refutation of Wiener.

Hence, I was able to show how, contrary to Kant, human creative mentation could be given an intelligible representation, and to show in what terms productivity might be measured, such that the correlation between rates of technological progress and rates of increase of potential productivity could be measured and predicted.

In order to supply a mathematical representation of this function I had defined, I turned to the work of Bernhard Riemann. Hence, the method I have contributed to the work of economic science is known as the LaRouche-Riemann method.

It is more or less known that the scientific work of Cusa, Pacioli, Leonardo, Kepler, Leibniz, Monge, Gauss, and Riemann, among others, is situated within the methods of what is called synthetic geometry, as opposed to the axiomatic-deductive methods commonly popular among professionals today.

The method of Gauss and Riemann, in which elementary physical least action is represented by the conic form of self-similar-spiral action, is merely a further perfection of the synthetic method based upon circular least action, employed by Cusa, Leonardo, Kepler, and so forth.

It is from the standpoint of Gauss-Riemann, that we know that the elementary existence of physical least action, ontologically, in the complex domain, is reflected necessarily as the metrical characteristic of Golden Section harmonics upon the apparent domain of the discrete manifold.

This indicates that Gauss did not overturn the earlier work of Cusa, et al., but merely completed it, giving it a more adequate representation. From that vantage-point, we are able to move backward and forward in the history of physical science and biology, to correlate the work of earlier scientists with the elaboration of the complex domain by Gauss, Riemann, et al., during the nineteenth century.

It is feasible, from this standpoint, to restate propositions in the language of axiomatic-deductive methods into the language of the Gauss-Riemann domain.

In this way, it is feasible to show rather directly, that creative mentation, as typified by valid fundamental scientific discoveries, is not only non-linear, but belongs to a domain whose curvature is the same as that for a Kepler-Gauss-Riemann physical and biological domain.

Empirical studies also show, that continuous technological progress causes the introduction of discontinuities ("non- linearities") to any attempt at a linear representation of an economic process.

There is an analogous, but harmonically different sort of ordered succession of discontinuities in a devolutionary process; the upward course simulates the harmonic ordering of a living process, the downward course, an inorganic one, both in the sense famously stipulated by Kepler in his paper on the snowflake.

So, I changed the definition of the terms "entropy" and "negative entropy," from the statistical definition employed by Wiener. "Negative entropy" or "negentropy" I supplied a synthetic, rather than a deductive definition, as akin to Pacioli's definition of the characteristic ordering of living processes.

I divided the two kinds of process-directions, negentropy and entropy, as Kepler did in his snowflake paper.

As any physical economist must, who follows in the footsteps of Leibniz, I focussed my work chiefly on the subject of technology.

The principal question posed to the specialist in technology of physical economy, is to establish metrical parameters which correlate advances in scientific principle with advances in the applied technology derived from such scientific principle.

If we define the elementary notions of "energy" in the non- linear way Riemannian physics demands, rather than the popular scalar notions, all statements in physics can be cast in the form of statements of energetics defined in that non-linear way.

In this mode, statements of physical principle become usable as statements defining technological progress in the functional terms required by economic science.

Hence, my interests in biology and physics generally have been restricted to those matters in which these characteristics are foremost. I have been concerned with those developments in biology which correlate with my knowledge of the characteristics of creative mentation, and with those matters of physics which are crucial for significant technological advances in the productivity of labor.

For this reason, my work in fields of technology significant for military applications has emphasized the method of achieving efficient spill-over of these technologies into the domain of civilian economy.

My encounter with the modern optical biophysics of non-linear spectroscopy of living processes was a direct by-product of my preoccupation with the intelligible representation of the form of creative mental processes.

It was clear that human memory, for example, is a holographic sort of non-linear function, rather than digital linear one. It was important to me, as an economist, to determine how the requirements of nutrition and other physiological constraints must be seen as a matter of social and economic policy, for the purpose of fostering potential creativity among professionals and operatives.

It is important, therefore, to correlate the characteristics of creative mental activity with the biological processes upon which mental activity is grounded.

For that reason, it is those aspects of biological processes which have the same general characteristics as creative mental activity which were of greatest interest. Work in non-linear spectroscopy provided a view of the elementary characteristics of cellular and sub-cellular life which was uniquely in correspondence with the characteristics of creative mental activity.

How could it be different than that? The curvature of astrophysical, microphysical, and biophysical space-time are the same as the curvature of creative mental processes. This arrangement is most convenient for us all, since if the curvature of our mental creative processes were different than that of the universe in which we live, our universe could not be intelligible for mankind.

It should be noted that Leonardo da Vinci understood matters in these same terms, as we may recall from his emphatic defense of the principle of hypothesis.

If we understand the way in which the self-bounding curvature of our universe underlies all correct notions of elementary physical laws, our power to discover with increasing perfection of knowledge is limited only by the adequacy of our understanding of both the correct curvature and its implications.

On this point, as many others, modern evidence shows us that Leonardo was correct, and his critics crippled by their own error.

The modern view of biophysics today, is that the harmonic ordering of non-linear electromagnetic processes is the physical characteristic of living processes, and that biochemical reactions are subsumed by this electromagnetic ordering.

Moreover, this shows us that biological processes are not properly defined in any way within the set of ontological assumptions associated with either a Cartesian or any sort of a neo- Cartesian discrete manifold.

Modern biology turns our eyes to those aspects of astrophysical phenomena, in which the process as a whole must be comprehended in terms of included effects occurring at speeds greater than the speed of light; there is there, as in the remarkable electromagnetic coordination of tissues, a coherence of the process which defies the notion of propagation of action between particles at distance.

In biological processes, these integrative features of the electromagnetic field are among the most interesting phenomena.

This knowledge of modern biophysics leads us in two directions. We derive from modern, electromagnetic studies of optical biophysics, knowledge of new practicable principles, by means of which life may either be more readily disrupted, or assisted.

The degree of refinement of technique, by means of which living processes might be maliciously affected, enables us to accomplish such effects by a small fraction of the energy deposited to produce thermal effects.

Conversely, the potential to improve, to heal, is similarly increased. The knowledge gained in the one application, is, for better or for worse, inseparable from the other.


As Weapons Systems

For rather obvious reasons, including my desire that these techniques remain out of the hands of terrorists, I shall not go publicly into the technical details of this matter, except to say that today nations have access to means by which either hordes of locusts or large concentrations of human populations could be killed or otherwise neutralized by use of a single weapon of this type.

The prototypes of the beam-generators exist. The power-sources adequate for this exist either off the shelf or as prototypes. With improvements in higher temperature superconducting materials, and use of such electrodes for gyratrons for example, strategic weapons of this class are in reach.

The computers need to guide the propagation of the pulses are rather readily available with reasonable effort to develop dedicated-application modules of the required type. The appropriate wave-guides are a matter of ingenuity applied to a known field.

The conveyances suited for the deployment of such assault weaponry exist, and more suitable conveyances rather readily designed and produced.

In short, strategic anti-personnel assault weapons as effective in their way as thermonuclear weapons, are an imminent potential. Moreover, such strategic weapons are more readily deployed, and with fewer constraints upon their use, than the thermonuclear weapons they could often replace.

Apart from the direct use of such technologies for military purposes as obvious as that, the same technology is the basis for special applications producing global effects upon much of the earth's biosphere, or some local part of it.

All of the most interesting effects are characteristically non- linear, rather than being the kinds of actions, such as thermal effects, we associate with the electrodynamics of the cartesian discrete manifold.

There is no prospect of putting such potentials back into a bottle, to lock them away from military uses.

The Soviets have long been dedicated to such weaponry, and have the scientific capability of developing and producing them today.

How rapidly they might produce such systems in strategically significant numbers, is another question. However, we note that there are currently occurring very significant changes in the Soviet military order of battle, changes which correlate with the early deployment of significant numbers of weapons of this general class.

We should also note, that the Soviet military has been dedicated to developing a global strategic ballistic missile defense system--its own SDI--for about twenty-five years, and has been developing such a system for deployment over the period of approximately seventeen years to date.

During the first half of the 1990s, the Soviets will deploy their own version of the U.S. SDI. The technological base required for the Soviet version of the SDI it is preparing to deploy, is an adequate base for developing and producing the kinds of electromagnetic assault weapons we are considering today.

These new types are weapons are here, to all intents and purposes. There are only two classes of nations which will not soon deploy them: those which are already subjugated by Moscow, or about to become subjugated. We shall develop them as rapidly as possible, because we have no rational choice but to do so.


The Economics of These Weapons

There are some who will argue, that the present international financial collapse is leading us into a new global depression, worse than that of the 1930s.

The financial collapse is now unstoppable; tens of trillions of dollars of financial paper will be wiped out before the Spring of 1989, and there is no means on Earth to prevent this from occurring. However, this financial crash need not lead into an economic depression, if the government of the United States comes to its senses during the months immediately ahead.

Some will argue, that because of the budget-cuts and other depressive effects of the financial crash, the U.S. SDI will be stopped, and no new technological breakthroughs launched.

To that I respond, as I have done in my remarks to a Paris conference, that often it is the case that only a profound crisis permits the unleashing of sweeping improvements in policy, including the unleashing of new scientific and technological revolutions.

As long as leading institutions are complacently content with current policies, they are unlikely to change those habits. It is when a profound crisis brings the smug and complacent to their knees, crying, "Save us!" that overdue advances are permitted to occur.

If we come to our senses, and rid ourselves of the habits which have created the great financial bubble now collapsing upon us, if we return, in despair of any other course, to a policy of promoting technological progress in a capital-intensive and energy-intensive mode, the present crisis were more likely to accelerate the kinds of technological changes I indicate, than to delay them.

Despite the increasing erosion of scientific and related machine-tool capabilities during the past twenty years of "post- industrial drift," we have accumulated a vast store of new, unused technologies ready for immediate application.

During this same time, we have entered into new dimensions of scientific research, from which can pour the greatest advance in human productivity ever known over the decades immediately ahead.

Vis-a-vis the Soviet empire, we of the West have certain inherent strategic advantages, among which is the fact that the potential for productivity in the OECD nations is approximately twice that in the Soviet empire. The OECD nations have twice the population of the Russian empire.

Our population has twice the productive potential of that of the Russian empire, if we but employ it properly. In addition, there are 350 millions in Ibero-America, predominantly members of our Western European culture, and with similar productive potentials. We have seas of population among our friends in Africa and non- communist Asia.

Together we represent the overwhelming majority of the land- area, maritime choke-points, and population of this planet.

Our greatest advantage is that which Moscow hates most bitterly of all, as it has since muscovy was first founded against a counterforce against Roman missionaries such as Cyril and Methodius.

We have the gift of <agape> (prounounced ah-gah-pay), as the New Testament apostles named it in their Greek, the law and commandment that we must love God and our neighbor as ourselves.

This <agape> is the emotion of love of God, love of mankind, love of truth, and love of classical beauty. It is also the quality which permeates and motivates creative thinking.

For reason of the idea of the nature of God, the human individual, and all else, which is the precious heritage of our civilization, we have been given the greatest potential for generation and assimilation of scientific and related progress of any culture.

This gift is not a property of our race, but something which, with <agape>, we are properly destined to preserve and to share with all humanity. This gift is also the means by which we may acquire all the power we need to defend that <agape> for our nations and for humanity as a whole.

Our people have the cultural potential to generate and to assimilate technological progress at the greatest rate possible among all mankind.

It is not only a means of power; it is our nature to order our affairs in such a way that the creative powers of the individual human mind are the quality with which we embed all our practice.

It is the duty and the privilege of the leaders of our nations to foster the education, the conditions of family life, and opportunities for labor, which are consistent with that principle.

The fostering of the increase of the average productive powers of labor, to the benefit of all mankind, is the proper characteristic of man's labor.

We must choose this course not merely because the very existence of our civilization is menaced from the east today. Rather, it is the enormity of the crisis which impels us to resume a policy from which we should never have departed.

It is the looming tragedy, threatening the existence of our civilization which obliges us to affirm those policies of practice which are the most natural way of life for our culture.

Without overlooking the ominous threat from the East, let us define the task before us, in Milan today, as the rebuilding of Italy, as part of the rebuilding of Europe, and of continuing the proper mission of western european culture to the benefit of all mankind.

Let us situate the employment of these new technologies within the economic task of rebuilding Italy as Betti and Beltrami, and Leonardo da Vinci before them, would have preferred we do.

Let us assume that we are committed to large-scale capital improvements in the basic economic infrastructure of Italy. In that case, we may assume that the preconditions for capital improvement and growth of the nation's agriculture and industry are being satisfied.

Under those conditions, what Italy must do is similar in a general way to what I must do, if I become the next President, in the United States, and what must be done throughout western Europe.

However, let us situate what must be done in Italy itself in relationship to the SDI and the new technologies under discussion here today.

The crux of industrial development of Italy is the efficient coordination of precious handfuls of scientists and machine-tool enterprises with the complex of larger enterprises which are the centers of industrial production. Let us begin with the special relationship between scientific teams and the machine-tool enterprises.

In the physics department of a well-organized university there is a special sort of machine-tool shop.

A scientist has devised an experimental hypothesis, perhaps a test of some crucial scientific principle.

The scientist works with the university's machine-tool facility, to create his experimental apparatus. Once a new principle has been established in that way, the same scientist is situated to take the fruits of his work to a machine-tool facility, which will translate the discovery into a new technology made available to industry.

If industry has available adequate flows of investment-capital, retained earnings, and credit at reasonably low prices, and if investment tax-credits are designed to encourage such investments, industries will tend to gobble up new technologies produced, even almost as rapidly as they are available.

The integration of those combined efforts, of research, of development of improved technologies in the machine-tool sector, and improved productive capital for industry, is the triadic form of optimal organization of technological industrial progress and growth.

The popular opinion of opposition to this course of actions comes largely from those who have been infected with the ideology of "consumerism."

These misinformed persons imagine falsely, that it is consumer purchases which generate growth of industry. On the contrary, what prompts the growth of markets for households' goods, is the growth of population and employment.

The most important source of this growth in employment, agriculture aside, is the combination of capital improvements in basic economic infrastructure and employment in production of capital goods.

It is the vertical development of industry which makes possible its horizontal development; it is chiefly the percentile of operatives employed in infrastructure and production of capital goods which enlarge the market for sale of households' goods.

By basic economic infrastructure, I mean water-mangement, general transportation, production and distribution of energy, urban sanitation, and such crucial contributions to the productivity of labor as education and medical services.

The dynamic of growth is supplied by the increase of the productivity of agricultural and industrial operatives, and the transfer of unemployed and marginally employed into employment as such skilled operatives. The average growth of productivity is the true margin of real profit of a national economy as a whole.

Since increase of productivity requires improved standards of life for households, sustained growth and profitability can be secured in only one way: through sustained technological progress in capital-intensive and energy-intensive modes of production.

So, whenever we integrate science, machine-tool sectors, and general industrial investment in the way I have indicated, we have turned that triadic relationship into s science-driver for raising the incomes and productivity of the economy as a whole.

Obviously, therefore, the greater the ration of scientists so employed, the greater the ration of operatives employed in the machine-tool sector, and the greater the ration of operatives employed in capital goods production generally, the more prosperous the economy will become.

Thus, the vertical expansion of the division of labor in industry, energized by the triadic relationship, yields the highest potential rates of per-capita improvement of a national economy.

The shrewdest policy for this case, is a commitment to technological "leapfrogging." In general, it were wiser for a nation not to try to compete with foreign industries on existing levels of technology in use; instead make a leap ahead of the level of technology currently practised in foreign nations. The worse the competitive level of repair of one's economy, the more urgent such "leapfrogging" is.

Italy has a dwindling kernel of the quality of scientists and related advanced machine-tool capabilities in the tradition of Betti and Italy's aeronautics industry earlier during this century.

Let us take a number of such diversified technological capabilities, and group them under a single name: "electrohydrodynamics."

That represents the kernel of Italy's special scientific potentials. This is a scientific potential well suited to the kinds of technologies associated with SDI and the new dimensions of non- linear electromagnetic biophysics and related fields.

Link that to the machine-tool sector, concentrating scarce resources along that technological breakthrough front.

Link that to the vertical development of the industrial base generally.

This has become an obvious road toward applying limited resources to the effect of fostering the optimal national result.

It must be stressed, that the military application of these technologies is only a small fraction of their potential. It is spilling these technologies into the civilian sector as rapidly as possible, which is the principal source of benefit to the nation as a whole.

At the same time, it is an intangible, but most powerful economic benefit to the people of a nation, to associate their nation with technological achievements of which to take pride before the world.

If a people says <agape>, finding its manifest national purpose beautiful in that way, that people is happier, and more productive for that reason.

It is time for the nations of western european culture to rise out of the quicksands of cultural pessimism, in which we have been trapped these past twenty years, to assist one another in achieving great works worthy of being admired by all humanity, and to rejoice in such accomplishments by our neighbors.

Today, we are faced with the grim business of continued strategic conflict. Let us do what we must on the account, but let us enjoy more the good we acomplish as contributions to the welfare of mankind in the course of doing our duty to our civilization.

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